Saturday, November 03, 2007

The Hindu : Property Plus Kochi : Kochi begins to feel the heat

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Kochi begins to feel the heat

Is it time that a coastal city such as Kochi started waking up to the possible consequences of climate change? K. S. Sudhi explains that a study conducted a few years ago had sounded a warning about how it might impact the city.

– Photo: H. Vibhu

UNDER THREAT: Being a costal city means that large parts of Kochi including places with heritage buildings like this one may have to deal with rising water levels due to climate change.

The global scientific consensus is that climate change is on. From the melting of Arctic ice and glaciers to increasing sea levels, intensity of storms and dry spells, changes in global climate have started influencing the way people are living.

Like the other parts of the world, Kochi has also started thinking in terms of gauging the possible impacts of climate change. The city has every reason to be worried about climate change because of its vulnerability to the consequences of such change.

"Every one is talking about climate change. The unusual heavy rain lashing the city or increased humidity levels are naturally becoming the talk of the town. These are the palpable effects of climate change," said Kesavadas, a scientist at the Kochi regional centre of the National Institute of Oceanography.

The most significant vulnerabilities have to do with Kochi's water systems, especially drainage, waste disposal and water logging, due to a combination of increased variability and intensity of rainfall and sea level rise. The sea level rise will reflect on land use in the coastal region such as the backwater islands that come under Goshree project.

Permanent submersion and repeated flooding in coastal areas and islands, faster erosion of cliffs and beaches and coastal aquifers could occur. Other ground water sources may also get polluted due to the incursion of saline water.

Many areas of Kochi are at a height of just 1 to 2 metres above sea level and are witnessing a construction boom. It is the sea or backwater facing areas that are preferred by a large section of the affluent city dwellers who are willing to pay a premium for owning properties in these areas.   The study also concluded that the climate change could impact human health, fisheries, cultural heritage and lead to migration of people living in areas affected by drought or sea level rise.

The loss of biodiversity of estuaries and backwaters and loss of precious land and displacement of people is one of the possible threats that not only Kochi but the State may have to face in the event of sea level rise and other related changes.

Low-lying areas

Kerala has a coastline of about 560 km and a good part of it is made up of low-lying areas. There are about 200 village panchayats, 19 municipalities and 4 corporations located along the coast facing the sea or backwaters. There are nearly 200 village panchayats, 11 municipalities and 4 corporations located along the coast facing the sea or backwaters and bout 30 per cent of the of population live in the coastal zone, which has a high population density. Any shift in the living and settlement patterns in these areas would have far reaching consequences, Dr. Kesavadas said.

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