Government of India
We reap what we sow. We are the makers of our own fate.
The wind is blowing; those vessels whose sails are unfurled
catch it, and go forward on their way, but those which have
their sails furled do not catch the wind. Is that the fault of
the wind?....... We make our own destiny.
February 28, 2006
Key Features of Budget 2006-2007
AN OVERVIEW OF THE ECONOMY
·2004-05: growth rate was 7.5 per cent, with the manufacturing sector at
8.1 per cent ; gross domestic saving at current market prices increased
to 29.1 per cent of GDP and the rate of gross capital formation to 30.1
per cent of GDP.
·2005-06: GDP growth likely to be 8.1 per cent with the manufacturing
sector at 9.4 per cent ; agricultural growth bounced back to 2.3 per cent ;
inflation, as on February 11, 2006 was 4.02 per cent ; non-food credit
growing by over 25 per cent.
IMPLEMENTING THE NCMP MANDATE
·Focus on agriculture: output of food grains expected to be 209.3
million tonnes, 5 million tonnes more than the previous year.
·Promoting employment: National Rural Employment Guarantee
Scheme launched; in the current year, Rs.11,700 crore to be spent to
create rural employment.
·Enhancing investment: investment rate increased from 25.3 per cent in
2002-03 to 30.1 per cent in 2004-05.
·Augmenting infrastructure: 5,083 MW of capacity to be added to
power generation in 2005-06, during the Tenth Plan period the total
addition estimated at 34,000 MW; until December, 2005, under Rajiv
Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, contracts placed for projects
spanning 95 districts and covering 41,461 un-electrified and 9,379
electrified villages; Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) and the North-South,
East-West Corridors- progressing at the rate of 4.48 kms per day; 96
per cent of the GQ to be completed by June, 2006 and the Corridors by
·In the first year of implementation, 2005-06: Rs.944.18 crore released
so far as grant under AIBP, target of 600,000 hectares of irrigation
potential expected to be created this year; against target of 56,270
habitations, 47,546 habitations covered until January, 2006 under
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Project; 5,337 habitations connected
under rural roads programme by September, 2005, and Rs.3,749 crore
released so far; 870,000 rural houses constructed, sum of Rs.2,260
crore released till January, 2006; Rs.1,100 crore released for rural
electrification, target of covering 10,366 villages expected to be
achieved;17,182 villages provided with a telephone till December,
·Against Rs.12,160 crore in the current year, Rs.18,696 crore to be
provided in 2006-07 for the programme, increase of 54 per cent.
·Allocation for eight flagship programmes to increase by 43.2 per cent
from Rs.34,927 crore in 2005-06 to Rs.50,015 crore.
·North Eastern Region (NER): In addition 10 per cent of the Plan
Budget of each Ministry/Department to be allocated for schemes and
programmes in the North Eastern Region (NER); for the flagship
programmes allocation of Rs.4,870 crore in 2006-07; total allocation
for NER is Rs.12,041 crore.
·Sarva Siksha Abhiyan: 93 per cent of children in age group 6-14 years
are in school, number of children not in school has come down to about
one crore; outlay to increase from Rs.7,156 crore to Rs.10,041 crore in
2006-07; 500,000 additional class rooms to be constructed and 150,000
more teachers to be appointed; Rs.8,746 crore to be transferred to the
Prarambhik Siksha Kosh from revenues through education cess.
·Mid-day Meal Scheme: 12 crore children now covered; allocation to be
enhanced from Rs.3,010 crore to Rs.4,813 crore.
·Drinking Water and Sanitation: 56,270 habitations and 140,000
schools to be covered in the current year; non-recurring assistance of
Rs.213 crore to be provided in 2006-07 for setting up district-level
water testing laboratories and field- level water testing kits; provision
for Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission to be increased
from Rs.3,645 crore to Rs.4,680 crore and for Rural Sanitation
Campaign from Rs.630 crore to Rs.720 crore.
·National Rural Health Mission: more than 200,000 Associated Social
Health Activists (ASHA) to be fully functional and over 1,000 block
level community health centres to provide round the clock services;
allocation increased from Rs.6,553 to Rs.8,207 crore.
·Integrated Child Development Services: additional 188,168 centres
created; Centre assisting the States to the extent of 50 per cent of the
actual expenditure incurred for supplementary nutrition or 50 per cent
of the cost norms, whichever is less - cost estimated at Rs.1,500 crore
and this assistance to increase to Rs.1,700 crore; total allocation for
ICDS increased from Rs.3,315 crore to Rs.4,087 crore.
·National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: allocation of
Rs.14,300 crore for rural employment in 2006-07 with Rs.11,300 crore
under NREG Act and Rs.3000 crore under SGRY, more funds to be
provided according to need.
·Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission: estimated
outlay of Rs.6,250 crore for 2006-07 with grant of Rs.4,595 crore;
Government to promote establishment of new towns, preferably
focussed on a specific ind ustry, for example Information Technology,
or a specific theme, for example education or health.
·National Social Assistance Programme: old age pension to destitutes
above the age of 65 years to increase from Rs.75 per month to Rs.200
per month; Rs.1,430 crore provided for 2006-07; State Governments
urged to make an equal contribution; a system to be established, within
two years, for pension to be credited directly to the account of the
beneficiary in a post office or a bank.
·Women and Children: gender sensitivities of the budgetary allocations
highlighted through an enlarged statement on gender budgeting to
include schemes where 100 per cent of the allocation is for the benefit
of women as well as schemes where at least 30 per cent of the
allocation is targeted towards women; statement covers 24 demands for
grants in 18 Ministries/Departments and five Union Territories and
schemes with an outlay of Rs.28,737 crore; 32 Ministries and
Departments have set up Gender Budgeting Cells.
·Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes: a statement on schemes for
welfare and development of SCs and STs included in Budget;
allocations for schemes benefiting only SCs and STs enhanced by 14.5
per cent to Rs.2,902 crore and for schemes with at least 20 per cent
allocation for SCs and STs enhanced by 13.9 per cent to Rs.9,690
crore; equity contribution to the National SC Finance and Development
Corporation increased to Rs.37 crore and to the National Safai
Karamchari Finance and Development Corporation to Rs.80 crore.
·Minorities: corpus of Maulana Azad Educational Foundation to be
doubled to Rs.200 crore; Rs.16.47 crore to be contributed to strengthen
equity base of National Minorities Development and Finance
Corporation; Corporation to intensify efforts to reach to artisans and
weavers in urban and peri- urban centres especially in districts with
concentration of minorities; programme to focus on skill enhancement,
credit and techno-managerial support; allocation to National Council
for Promotion of Urdu Language increased from Rs.10 crore to Rs.13
crore; Government to finance 20,000 merit-cum-means based
scholarships to encourage students to pursue higher studies.
·Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme: 1,000 new residential
schools for girls from SC, ST, OBC and minority communities to be
opened in 2006-07; Rs.128 crore provided and an additional sum of
Rs.172 crore to be provided during the year; as a further incentive to
the girl child who passes the VIII Standard Examination and enrols in a
secondary school, a sum of Rs.3,000 to be deposited in her name, to be
withdrawn by her on reaching 18 years of age.
·Government to provide equity support of Rs.16,901 crore and loans of
Rs.2,789 crore to Central PSEs (including Railways); infusion of
Rs.1,180 crore in cash and non-cash sacrifices of Rs.2566 crore in last
two years to restructure ten PSEs, including Indian Telephone
Industries Limited and Heavy Engineering Corporation Limited; to
develop India as a hub for gems and jewellery, an expert body to be
·Irrigation: Outlay of Rs.4,500 crore under AIBP in 2005-06, grant
component of Rs.1,680 crore; States expected to spend Rs.2,520 crore
from their resources; outlay for 2006-07 increased to Rs.7,121 crore,
with grant of Rs.2,350 crore; Command Area Development Programme
to be revamped to allow participatory irrigation management through
water users associations; 20,000 water bodies with a command area of
1.47 million hectares identified in the first phase for repair, renovation
and restoration; estimated cost Rs.4,481 crore.
·Credit: Farm credit increased to Rs.125,309 crore in 2004-05; expected
to cross target of Rs.141,500 crore for 2005-06; to increase to
Rs.175,000 crore in 2006-07 with addition of 50 lakh farmers; banks
asked to open a separate window for self- help groups or joint liability
groups of tenant farmers; a one time relief to be granted to farmers who
have availed of crop loan from scheduled commercial banks, RRBs and
PACS for Kharif and Rabi 2005-06, and amount equal to two
percentage points of the borrowers interest liability on the principal
amount up to Rs.100,000, to be credited to his/her bank account before
March 31, 2006; Rs.1,700 crore provided for this purpose.
·With effect from Kharif 2006-07 farmers to receive short-term credit at
7 per cent, with an upper limit of Rs.300,000 on the principal amount;
subvention for this to be given to NABARD.
·Sanctions under Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF XI) at
Rs.7,301 crore as on January 31, 2006; corpus for RIDF XII to increase
to Rs.10,000 crore; specified projects under PPP model to be allowed
to access RIDF funds; separate window for rural roads with a corpus of
Rs.4,000 crore during 2006-07.
·Agricultural Insurance: National Agricultural Insurance Scheme to
·Plantation Sector: A Special Purpose Tea Fund to be setup, expected
contribution of Rs.100 crore in 2006-07.
·Micro Finance: 801,000 SHGs credit-linked in two years with credit
of Rs.4,863 crore disbursed to these SHGs; another 385,000 SHGs to
be credit- linked in 2006-07; NABARD to open a line of credit for
financing farm production and investment activities through SHGs;
Committee to be appointed on Financial Inclusion.
·Horticulture and Fisheries: terminal markets to be setup on PPP
model-Rs.150 crore earmarked for this in 2006-07 under National
Horticulture Mission; Central Institute of Horticulture to be established
in Nagaland; National Fisheries Development Board to be constituted.
·Employment: five industries with employment opportunities identified
in manufacturing sector, these include textiles, food processing,
petroleum, chemicals and petro-chemicals, leather and automobiles; in
services, tourism and software can offer large number of jobs.
·Textiles: allocation for Technology Upgradation Fund (TUF) enhanced
from Rs.435 crore to Rs.535 crore; Rs.189 crore to be provided for
Scheme for Integrated Textiles Parks (SITP), Jute Technology Mission
to be launched; a National Jute Board to be established.
·Handlooms: Cluster Development approach to continue with 100
clusters to be added at a cost of Rs.50 crore in 2006-07; yarn depots to
be established; a handloom mark to be launched; scheme to be
introduced to provide interest subsidy on term loans; provision for the
handloom sector to be increased from Rs.195 crore to Rs.241 crore.
·Food Processing Industry: food processing to be a priority sector for
bank credit; NABARD to create a refinancing window with a corpus of
Rs.1,000 crore, especially for agro-processing infrastructure and market
development; National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship
and Management to be setup; Paddy Processing Research Centre,
Thanjavur to be developed into a national- level institute.
·Petroleum, Chemicals and Petro-chemicals: a Task Force setup to
facilitate development of large PC&P Investment Regions; three such
Investment Regions expected to be developed in 2006-07.
·Information Technology: existing vehicle of viability gap funding and
India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited to provide equity and/or
viability gap funding to new ventures; window to be open for three
·Small and Medium Enterprises: 180 items identified for
dereservation; to give impetus to lending by SIDBI, SMEs to be
recognised in the services sector and small scale enterprises in services
sector to be treated on par with small scale enterprises in manufacturing
sector; corpus of Credit Guarantee Fund to be raised from Rs.1,132
crore to Rs.2,500 crore in five years; Credit Guarantee Trust for Small
Industries to be advised to reduce guarantee fee from 2.5 per cent to 1.5
per cent for all loans; insurance cover to be extended to 30,000
borrowers; ten schemes drawn up under a five-year National
Manufacturing Competitiveness Programme, including promotion of
ICT, mini tool rooms, design clinics and marketing support for SMEs;
implementation to be in the PPP model.
·Cluster Development: Empowered Group of Ministers to be
constituted to lay down policy and oversee implementation.
·Tourism: development of 15 tourist destinations and circuits to be
taken up; 50 villages with core competency in handicrafts, handlooms
and culture, close to existing destinations and circuits, to be identified
and developed; 4 new institutes of hotel management to be established
in Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal; Plan allocation
increased from Rs.786 crore to Rs.830 crore.
·Foreign Trade: share in world exports to be doubled by 2008-09.
·Telecommunication: to reach 250 million connections by December,
2007, provision of Rs.1,500 crore for Universal Services Obligation
Fund in 2006-07; more than 50 million rural connections to be rolled
out in three years.
·Power: five ultra mega power projects of 4,000 MW each to be
awarded before December 31, 2006; to create an enabling and
empowered framework to carry out reforms an Empowered Committee
of Chief Ministers and Power Ministers to be setup; Tenth Plan target
of 3,075 MW of installed capacity for non-conventional energy sources
exceeded by December 31, 2005 with installation of 3,650 MW
capacity; Rs.597 crore provided for non-conventional energy resources;
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana:10,000 village s in 2005-
06 and 40,000 more villages in 2006-07 to be electrified.
·Coal: reserves of 20 billion tonnes to be de-blocked for power projects;
definition of captive consumption to be amended to allow mining by
producers with firm supply contracts with steel, cement and power
companies; capacity of Central Mines Planning and Development
Institute Limited to drill in order to prove reserves to be expanded.
·Petroleum: under NELP VI., 55 blocks and area of 355,000 sq kms
offered; investment of Rs.22,000 crore expected in the refinery sector,
in the next few years.
·Road Transport: Budget support for NHDP enhanced from Rs.9,320
crore to Rs.9,945 crore in 2006-07; special accelerated road
development programme for the North Eastern region at an estimated
cost of Rs.4,618 crore approved with allocation of Rs.550 crore in
2006-07; 1,000 kms of access-controlled Expressways to be developed
on the Design, Build, Finance and Operate (DBFO) model.
·Maritime Development: National Maritime Development Programme
(NMDP) approved; work is in progress in 101 projects covering, inland
waterways, shipping and ports including deepening of channels in
Kandla, JNPT and Paradip ; plan allocation for Department of Shipping
increased by 37 per cent to Rs.735 crore; study to identify a suitable
location for a new deep draft port in West Bengal to be carried out ;
National Institute of Port Management, Chennai, renamed as National
Maritime Academy, to be upgraded into a Central University with
regional campuses at Mumbai, Kolkata and Visakhapatnam.
·India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited incorporated; inprinciple
approval granted for to three road projects in Gujarat.
·Banking, Insurance and Pensions: net capital support to banking
sector standing at Rs.22,808 crore, to be restructured to facilitate
increased access of banks to additional resources for lending to the
productive sectors; Bill on insurance to be introduced in 2006-07.
·Capital Market: limit on FII investment in Government securities to be
increased from $ 1.75 billion to $ 2 billion and the limit on FII
investment in corporate debt from $ 0.5 billion to $ 1.5 billion; ceiling
on aggregate investment by mutual funds in overseas instruments to be
raised from $ 1 billion to $ 2 billion with removal of requirement of 10
per cent reciprocal share holding; limited number of qualified Indian
mutual funds to be allowed to invest, cumulatively up to $ 1 billion, in
overseas exchange traded funds; an investor protection fund to be setup
under the aegis of SEBI; RBI's anonymous electronic order matching
trading module (NDS-OM) on its Negotiated Dealing System to be
extended to qualified mutual funds, provident funds and pension funds;
steps to be taken to create a single, unified exchange-traded market for
·Research and Development: National Agricultural Innovation Project
for research at frontiers of agricultural science to be launched in July,
2006; National S&T Entrepreneurship Board has setup Technology
business Incubators, enabling concessions to be provided to incubateeentrepreneurs.
·Institutions of Excellence: Universities of Calcutta, Mumbai and
Madras to get a grant of Rs.50 crore each to mark the beginning of their
150th year celebrations, with another Rs.50 crore each to be given at
the conclusion of the year; Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
to get grant of Rs.100 crore; status of an autonomous National Institute
to be accorded to Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology,
·Skills Development: Rs.97 crore allocated for upgradation of ITIs;
Skills Development Initiative (SDI) taken up through a PPP scheme
with initial provision of Rs.10 crore.
·Backward Regions Grant Fund: Rs.1,156 disbursed so far in current
year, Rs.5,000 crore allocated in 2006-07.
·Jammu and Kashmir: State Plan for 2006-07 fixed at Rs.2,300 crore;
additionally Rs.848 crore provided for the J&K Reconstruction Plan,
including Rs.230 crore for the Baglihar Project; special central Plan
assistance of Rs.1,300 crore provided for reforms in the power sector.
·Defence Expenditure: increased to Rs.89,000 crore including
Rs.37,458 crore for capital expenditure.
·e-Governance: National e-Governance Plan to be approved shortly; 25
projects, in mission mode, to be launched in 2006-07.
·Celebrating History and Heritage: Rs.10 crore allocated for
celebration of 150th anniversary of the First War of Indian
Independence; National Gandhi Museum, Rajghat and the Kasturba
Gandhi National Memorial Fund, Indore to be given Rs.5 crore each;
Rs.5 crore for safeguarding of old art forms and oral traditions.
·Twelfth Finance Commission: Rs.94,402 crore to be released as
States share in gross tax revenues in current year compared to
Rs.78,595 crore in 2004-05; grants- in-aid to States are Rs.25,134 crore
in RE 2005-06 against Rs.12,081 crore in 2004-05.
·Subsidies: consensus sought on the issue of subsidies.
·Gross Budgetary Support and Gross Fiscal Deficit: Centre's gross tax-
GDP ratio: 9.2 per cent in 2003-04, 9.8 per cent in 2004-05, 10.5 per
cent in 2005-06 (RE), 11.2 per cent in 2006-07 (BE); Gross Fiscal
Deficit less than Gross Budgetary Support for Plan in 2004-05; revenue
deficit for in 2005-06 to be 2.6 per cent and fiscal deficit 4.1 per cent.
BUDGET ESTIMATES FOR 2006-07
·Plan Expenditure: estimated at Rs.172,728 crore, up by 20.4 per cent;
Non-Plan Expenditure:Rs.391,263 crore, up by 5.5 per cent.
·Revenue Deficit and Fiscal Deficit: revenue deficit estimated at
Rs.84,727 crore, 2.1 per cent of the GDP; fiscal deficit estimated at
Rs.148,686 crore, 3.8 per cent of the GDP.
·peak rate for non-agricultural products reduced from 15 per cent to 12.5
per cent; duty on alloy steel and primary and secondary non-ferrous
metals reduced from 10 per cent to 7.5 per cent; this will also be the rate
of duty for ferro alloys; on steel melting scrap raised to 5 per cent and
brought on part on par with primary steel;
·duty on mineral products reduced to 5 per cent, with a few exceptions.
·duty on ores and concentrates reduced from 5 per cent to 2 per cent.
·duty on refractories and on a number of materials for manufacture of
refractories reduced to 7.5 per cent.
·duty to be reduced on basic inorganic chemicals from 15 per cent to 10
per cent; on basic cyclic and acyclic hydrocarbons and their derivatives
to 5 per cent; on catalysts from 10 per cent to 7.5 per cent.
·duty to be reduced on major bulk plastics like PVC, LDPE and PP from
10 per cent to 5 per cent; on naptha for plastics to nil; on styrene, EDC
and VCM which are raw materials for plastics to 2 per cent.
·reduction of customs duty on 10 anti-AIDS and 14 anti-cancer drugs to 5
per cent; on certain life saving drugs, kits and equipment from 15 per
cent to 5 per cent ; these drugs also exempt from excise duty and CVD.
·duty on packaging machines to be reduced from 15 per cent to 5 per cent.
·concessional project rate of 10 per cent to be extended to pipeline
projects for transportation of natural gas, crude petroleum and petroleum
·CVD of 4 per cent to be imposed on all imports with a few exceptions ;
full credit to be allowed to manufacturers of excisable goods.
·Customs duty on vanaspati to be increased to 80 per cent.
·rates on clearances by EOUs to the Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) adjusted
at 50 per cent of basic customs duty plus excise duty on like goods.
·reduction of: excise duty on all man-made fibre yarn and filament yarn
from 16 per cent to 8 per cent; import duty on all man-made fibres and
yarns from 15 per cent to 10 per cent ; import duty on raw materials such
as DMT, PTA and MEG from 15 per cent to 10 per cent ; import duty on
paraxylene to 2 per cent.
·with the intention to converge all rates at the CENVAT rate at 16 per
cent; duty on aerated drinks and small cars to be reduced to 16 per cent.
·8 per cent duty to be imposed on packaged software sold over the
counter; customised software and software packages downloaded from
the internet to be exempt; DVD Drives, Flash Drives and Combo Drives
to be fully exempt from excise duty.
·condensed milk, ice cream, preparations of meat, fish and poultry,
pectins, pasta and yeast to be fully exempt; duty on ready-to-eat
packaged foods and instant food mixes, like dosa and idli mixes, to be
reduced from 16 per cent to 8 per cent.
·vegetable tanning extracts, namely, quebracho and chestnut to be exempt
from duty; duty on footwear with a retail sale price between Rs.250 and
Rs.750 to be reduced from 16 per cent to 8 per cent.
·concessional rate of 8 per cent to be extended to all LPG stoves.
·duty on compact fluorescent lamps to be reduced from 16 per cent to 8
·glassware to attract duty of 16 per cent on par with ceramicware and
·excise duty on specified printing, writing and packing paper to be
reduced from 16 per cent to 12 per cent.
·cess under the Oil Industries Development Act to be increased from
Rs.1,800 per metric tonne to Rs.2,500 per MT.
·re-imposition of excise duty at 12 per cent on computers to enable
domestic manufacturers to take CENVAT credit as well as to face
competition from imports; price not to be impacted as duty to be eligible
for full input tax credit,
·duty of 16 per cent to be levied on set top boxes with reduction in
customs duty from 15 per cent to nil.
·increase in excise duty on cigarettes by about 5 per cent.
·excise and customs tariff exemptions that are end-use based or have
outlived their utility or need certification or give rise to disputes being
rescinded; exemption for the SSI sector will remain.
·new services to be covered including ATM operations, maintenance and
management; registrars, share transfer agents and bankers to an issue;
sale of space or time, other than in the print media, for advertisements;
sponsorship of events, other than sports events, by companies;
international air travel excluding economy class passengers; container
services on rail, excluding the railway freight charges; business support
services; auctioneering; recovery agents; ship management services;
travel on cruise ships; and public relations management services.
·coverage of certain services now subject to service tax to be expanded.
·leasing and hire purchase to be treated on par with loan transactions,
interest and instalment of principal amount to be abated in calculating
value of the service.
·proposal to set April 1, 2010 as the date for introducing national level
Goods and Service Tax (GST); service tax rate increased from 10 per
cent to 12 per cent as another step towards converge between service tax
rate and the CENVAT rate; net impact likely to be very small in view of
credit available for service tax or excise duty payable.
·no change in rates of personal income tax or corporate income tax;
no new taxes are being imposed.
·one-by-six scheme will stand abolished.
·marginal revision in certain tax rates in the quest for equity-
Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) rate increased from 7.5 per cent of
book profits to 10 per cent which is only one-third of the normal
rate; long-term capital gains arising out of securities included in
calculating book profits; period to take credit for MAT increased
from five years to seven years.
·increase of 25 per cent, across the board, on all rates of STT.
·Section 80IA of the Income Tax Act applies to infrastructure
facilitie; terminal date for developing an industrial park extended
from March 31, 2006 to March 31, 2009; for the power sector, the
date extended to March 31, 2010.
·investments in fixed deposits in scheduled banks for a term of not
less than five years included in section 80C of the Income tax Act;
limit of Rs.10,000 in respect of contribution to certain pension funds
removed in section 80CCC subject to overall ceiling of Rs.100,000.
·definition of open-ended equity-oriented schemes of mutual funds in
the Income tax Act aligned with the definition adopted by SEBI;
open-ended equity-oriented schemes and close-ended equityoriented
schemes to be treated on par for exemption from dividend
·exemption under section 10(23G) removed.
·Primary Agricultural Credit Societies and Primary Cooperative
Agricultural and Rural Development Banks to continue to be exempt
from tax under section 80P of the Income Tax Act; all other
cooperative banks excluded from the scope of that section.
·scope of section 54EC restricted to two institutions, viz., NHAI and
REC; for NABARD, SIDBI and NHB, which are banks, route of
zero coupon bonds to raise low cost funds already opened; if needed,
appropriate support to be provided to these institutions to enable
them to access resources to fulfil their mandate effectively; benefit
of section 54ED withdrawn with effect from April 1, 2006.
·anonymous or pseudonymous donations to wholly charitable
institutions to be taxed at the highest marginal rate; such donations
to partly religious and partly charitable institutions/trusts to be taxed
only if the donation is specifically for an educational or medical
purpose; such donations to wholly religious institutions and religious
trusts not to be covered by the new provision.
·constituency allowances of Members of State Legislatures to be
treated at par with constituency allowance received by Members of
·Permanent Account Number (PAN) is the critical element in
capturing incomes and expenditures; scrutiny of Annual Information
Returns (AIR) on high- value transactions reveals that 60 per cent of
the transactions are without quoting PAN; hence proposal to take
power to- issue PANsuo motu in certain cases and to direct persons
to apply for PAN in certain cases; in due course, more transactions
to be notified for which quoting of PAN to be mandatory, a few
more transactions to be prescribed to be reported in AIRs.
·Banking Cash Transaction Tax (BCTT) to continue for some more
time until the AIR system is able to capture all significant financial
·Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT) introduced last year as a revenue raising
measure; justified on the principles of horizontal equity and vertical
equity; on review, following changes being proposedo
Value the benefit in the form of tour and travel at 5 per cent
instead of 20 per cent;
oValue benefit in the form of hospitality and use of hotel
boarding and lodging facilities, in case of airline companies
and shipping industry, at 5 per cent instead of 20 per cent;
oExclude expenses on free samples of medicines and of
medical equipment distributed to doctors;
oExclude expenses incurred on brand ambassador and
celebrity endorsement; and
oPrescribe a threshold of Rs.100,000 under section
115WB(1)(c) so that only a contribution by an employer to
an approved superannuation fund in excess of Rs.100,000
per year per employee to attract FBT. Under section 80C
there is already exemption up to Rs.100,000 for contribution
by an employee to an approved superannuation fund.
·Modernizing Tax Administration: The Departments of Income Tax
and Customs and Central Excise to undergo Business Process
Reengineering (BPR); nationwide networks to connect 745 income
tax offices in 510 cities and 550 customs and central excise offices
in 245 cities, creating national databases; national data centres, data
warehousing facilities and disaster recovery sites being set up ;
jurisdiction-free filing of returns, online tracking of status of
accounts and refunds of income tax to be possible ; introduction of a
risk management system and Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in
the Customs Department to reduce dwell time for cargo; E-payments
of customs and excise duties to be possible; both Departments to
have fully computerised networks by end 2006.
·a statement on revenue foregone, (tax expenditure statement ),
captur ing the departures from the normal tax regime introduced.
VAT and CST:
·in order to moderate the price, LPG (domestic) included in the list of
declared goods under the CST Act.