BBC News | News Front Page | World Edition

Saturday, December 29, 2007

The Hindu : Front Page : A 10-year-old spokesperson for her family - Sent Using Google Toolbar

The Hindu : Front Page : A 10-year-old spokesperson for her family


A 10-year-old spokesperson for her family

Special Correspondent


Akhila appeals to Governor Rameshwar Thakur to help her family tide over a financial crisis brought on by a medical emergency



— Photo: V. Sreenivasa Murthy

Appeal: Akhila seeking help from Governor Rameshwar Thakur at Janata Darshan in Bangalore on Saturday.

BANGALORE: All eyes at the Janata Darshan were on the frail figure of 10-year-old Akhila from Bakshi Garden in Bangalore as she boldly appealed to Governor Rameshwar Thakur and members of the State administration to help her family tide over a financial crisis brought on by a medical emergency.

She started her speech in Kannada but switched to clear English when she realised that she was not understood.

She appealed to the Governor on behalf of her aunt and mother, who she said had given up everything to save the life of her three-year-old sister, Neetha, whose liver had been damaged by a bout of severe jaundice.

Akhila's mother is handicapped and her father died in an accident sometime ago.

Her petition said that her aunt, who was very poor, had spent all her savings of Rs.73,000 on the treatment of Neetha a year ago. The family was now in dire straits.

The previous government had promised to reimburse 50 per cent of the money spent by the family but that cheque had not reached them.

Petition

As the only articulate member of her family she had come to present the family's case. She had written the petition herself in a neat handwriting, and the Governor read it with great attention.

He stood up from his seat and bent over the little girl to seek clarifications from her.

In a five-minute interview, a rare thing in most Janata Darshans, Akhila held the attention of the top officials of the Government helping the Governor.

Akhila's eloquence and her boldness had them all pay her immediate attention, and every camera in the banquet hall had her in its focus.

Lost in transit

The officials told presspersons that the cheque sent by the previous government had been lost in transit and arrangements were being made to issue a fresh cheque to the family.

Akhila told this correspondent if some help did not come forth, the family would be in great difficulty, and even her own schooling would be in jeopardy.

Wednesday, November 28, 2007

Court rejects plea against churidar in Guruvayur temple

Court rejects plea against churidar in Guruvayur temple

Legal Correspondent

New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Monday upheld the Guruvayur Krishna temple's decision to allow entry of women wearing churidar.

A Bench comprising Chief Justice K.G. Balakrishnan and Justices R.V. Raveendran and J.M. Panchal dismissed a special leave petition challenging the August 23 Kerala High Court order, which upheld the temple's decision.

Manoj V. George, counsel for a devotee K. Mohandas, argued that the change in the 5,000-year-old practice of allowing only women wearing the traditional sari hurt the sentiments of a section of worshippers.

He said the Guruvayur Devaswom Managing Committee had no right to interfere in spiritual matters. "Today it is the dress code, tomorrow it may be something else."

Rejecting the argument that tradition should be preserved, Justice Balakrishnan said, "The dress code has to change with the time, with the change in practices, as long as it is not violative of the public standards of morality."

He asked counsel, "Do you know that women were not allowed to cover the upper part of their body? It was only after a revolution that they were allowed to cover the upper part of their body, so should we go back to that practice?"

The committee on July 26 decided to permit women wearing churidar to enter the temple. The petitioner moved the High Court to restrain the committee from implementing the decision. But it rejected the petition.

Wednesday, November 21, 2007

Sunday, November 18, 2007

Captive breeding of cobras at Pilikula Nisargadhma

Captive breeding of cobras at Pilikula Nisargadhma

Jaideep Shenoy

MANGALORE: In a bid to increase the tribe of endangered king cobras,
the Central Zoo Authority, New Delhi, has asked the city-based
biological park to breed the venomous reptile in captivity.

Dr. Shivaram Karanth of Pilikula Nisargadhama (Biological Park) at
Moodushedde near here has already started the preliminary work to take
up captive breeding of Ophiophagus Hannah.

Importantly, this would be a totally in-house effort. H. Jayaprakash
Bhandary, Director of the Park told The Hindu here that the Park here
has five king cobras, including two females, at present. It had
released two of them into the wild recently.

"We need to create a special environment for the king cobras to breed
including keeping the pair selected in isolation. king cobras normally
breed during December and we will set up necessary conditions with the
help and expertise of our Park staff in this regard."

Wednesday, November 14, 2007

One farmer’s suicide every 30 minutes

 
 
One farmer's suicide every 30 minutes

P. Sainath


Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh have together seen 89,362 farmers' suicides between 1997 and 2005.



On average, one Indian farmer committed suicide every 32 minutes between 1997 and 2005. Since 2002, that has become one suicide every 30 minutes. However, the frequency at which farmers take their lives in any region smaller than the country — say a single State or group of States — has to be lower. Because the number of suicides in any such region would be less than the total for the country as a whole in any year. Yet, the frequency at which farmers are killing themselves in many regions is appalling.

On average, one farmer took his or her life every 53 minutes between 1997 and 2005 in just the States of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh (including Chhattisgarh). In Maharashtra alone, that was one suicide every three hours. It got even worse after 2001. It rose to one farm suicide every 48 minutes in these Big Four States, and one every two and a quarter hours in Maharashtra alone. The Big Four have together seen 89,362 farmers' suicides between 1997 and 2005, or 44,102 between 2002 and 2005.

 

Kerala still vulnerable

The improvement is quite fragile and could easily see a downturn. Kerala's farm suicide rate for the period is very high, and the State remains vulnerable to volatility in the prices of, for instance, coffee, pepper, cardamom or vanilla. A fragility enhanced by the fact that major relief on the debt front requires Central help. Besides, State bureaucracies are extremely hostile to debt relief for farmers. Also, India's free trade agreements with nations and neighbours that produce the same cash crops as Kerala hurts badly. The State's balance on the farm suicides front is very delicate. Complacence would be, literally, fatal.

Monday, November 12, 2007

so that's why it is so !



---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Atulya Sharma
Date: Nov 12, 2007 1:07 PM
Subject:
To: nam <naamhs@gmail.com>

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-3CUJdqBBg

Saturday, November 10, 2007

Tuesday, November 06, 2007

Monday, November 05, 2007

The Hindu : Business / Netspeak : Online language learning resources

The Hindu : Business / Netspeak : Online language learning resources


Online language learning resources

Several online services meant for helping one master a language are in place

This week, NetSpeak introduces a few services that enable you to learn languages online for free.

English language skills are fast gaining significance in today's world. Several online services meant for helping you master the language are in place.

Kantalk ( http://www.kantalk.com/ ), devised for improving skills in spoken English, is an innovative service of this kind. Kantalk, a service with social networking features, integrates several popular Net tools/services (such as e-mail, Skype, Youtube and the like) for enhancing your communication skills.

Kantalk, like any other Web 2.0 service, allows you to engage in real-time conversations with others. The service lets users record text by reading it and share the generated audio with others. As we can listen to audio content thus recorded by people from different countries, we get an excellent opportunity to acquaint ourselves with a variety of accents/pronunciations. Another notable feature of Kantalk is the use of videos for learning the language.

TalkEnglish ( http://www.talkenglish.com/ ), meant for practising spoken English, is another service worth a look in this regard. This service hosts a variety of free lessons such as 'Business English,' 'Travel English,' 'Interview English' and so on, to help specific users enrich their required English speaking skills.

Readeroo

While on the web, we come across several useful articles, but may not have the time to read them instantly. A tool that lets us keep such articles online and helps us retrieve at our convenience could be useful. The Firefox extension Readeroo ( http://www.monsur.com/projects/readeroo/ ) is one such tool worth a test. Once the extension is installed on your browser, it places a few buttons on it for storing the article online and accessing it from the queue later. As the articles are stored on the social bookmarking service 'Delicious' ( http://www.hindu.com/biz/2005/03/28/stories/200 50328005 71700.htm), you need an account with this service to use Readeroo.

Magazine directory

Tens of hundreds of magazines pertaining to computers and allied subjects are in place. Those of you who wish to know the details of such magazines may find this directory beneficial: http://www.hitmill.com/internet/magazines.html . Though there are some dead links, it is still worth browsing through. In this regard, you may also scan FreeSoftware ( http://www.freesoftwarebooks.com /) that hosts links to several free IT books.

J. MURALI

He can be contacted at: jmurali@gmail.com

Saturday, November 03, 2007

The Hindu : Property Plus Kochi : Kochi begins to feel the heat

ÿØÿà�JFIF������ÿþ�
JPEG ProÿÛ�„�  !"$"$ÿÀ��à.Y�UVÿÄ� ���������������!1A"Qaq2'#B¡R±Á3Ñáðñ$r%b4‚'¢��������������!1AQ"a2'¡±ðqá#ÁÑñ3BRbÿÚ� Y�UV�?�ú@mVqßVÀvk},}ÖÒÀÓ/½_¶€ ûjÞ Ý�Ã9U$sª ¿'P�xã@q ΀CUç@*1k½�åß"΀ð$
'@<~º�úñ V#ß@<¯ÍƒÎ…WöóÇÓAC¸ó AØзG¯ë¥ÙëÐŒEô ®…L^~z†º@؇VÈ ñçB àÞ„�Ñ<}ˆIùèA,ûÐÄÛB¢+€8­ÈÌsu SïªPÔ&lsqauo;½B<çB…`‡õЇÄ/ý4(%lhA¦¤py÷Ðt|ñ×cÔëÔ›–Ǿf`íø \g1\‰Ã–*m‡xaW]µÅÝðÉ'©RgÓôÞ—ÅÎklÄäfuÇñFTÅÜó²³$‰{KöžÞðŸ"5À'ÏËX–GÛf"1b…µF"¦ú¯«?…»¦.ÉÕÍ"—ÓyD…ÜÉø`ñü¢Å¡® Ðjxò¦pž(eWϤÒx'hdŽE ¬¦ÃÈ#]Ï64 ú*AŸm�A¨sóÐÝÇî⁠0þÚ2†ÇŸ:X \hê¿·èóçP‡öT Ü~÷¨îGAB‚�ãAР›»ÕÙÒ&lsqauo;g¼jQnÏ^©4nô $,]Íèÿ�]�œh�b.¯Ÿm4À ¿:; >Ð�j•�Š:„SÅÞ€tY¯:_?M�¢´Qo8½+±Ï¸Êcl†R˜°±ÿ�›-Ñæêù'Ø^³9(+:bÅ,ÓáåP'õPbí±³LeœzòXå{®Fûvßßõñ¹[³ìÍÇ=t'Õ¶œ,HÆFá &D½&lsqauo;'*ÇAÊ]ùü�øˆ»GË"¥]•}]·EºmÔ–W´α;)þÄ}˜é|d™¬Rã$ÍŸð·t—|þcbå䉲¶©› »›ãô«!£ì‚o†½Ž½ØåÊ'?U†Oêt6SòÖÏ8É°yç@7ã@'>OÖ|ñ¡Oh²�Ð ÜG"ô†ð4 :�àq~Fƒ¡Á!>ú€p=ÝV, lpN   ÕèG^¨ |ϝEãBN€yäè±Z,y½�$è$:¦'»í¡�&Ç:ŸnyÕ!^®=½õ
<¯ÇHV=�è' enwPô¾Ë7á·]ûoÄÈp´ëê ä—ÜÔ€5'횆9Ïð&Ê]ïziÅlƒ¿ãg9RË ˜Ð<ÓJx7ÜEk2É«³¤=>Yº£õOXn½q¸3E'Â;¢‚â54
rÄÕŸ'è)uæÉ77³éú|QÁ vûf‡¥6Q³`O»îÏÉ@ˆ+¸ÄŒ·ù‰6~\xç\e%Lóú¬ÊmFüF.
Ç3R÷'Þ[Ç"ÿ�Ÿ¦ëg™ï ³"L¬y`j¦†E,
ßÓßW±uÑËz6<žþ*lPíùùqãfÌc"]z'–e©�øM²_È8±c¾¾I3Ñ:Ë…Éö}L@®*õê>xÙ� a^Õ¡�aGÎ…‚}ë@œ =uì4¬&lsqauo;>5ïo: +?¦€0Á@ö¡ >ß}@8y¾5@ò°¯:PVæ¿M@;b¬�¡¸@o®€BÞÇA`" �šÕ¢ˆxçP€<]† &¼ùÐXŠð4 ÐÐ 'o' 9Óü@ŠI10º—\<Œ$‰Ïj"Q»©ˆYRIö@iOúˆË³¬±´èè8;¦Õ»ÃëíÙ'Ì¢OLƒð0ò•nA®|r ë¬d¤­Úk²Ì: ,Ì�'M�>z¤Hù諸Ûyê,¼ˆvÜìœ=¥£Ç‚Z3/'ß!]Ž{M¨àWp$ù²e}#ëzoGÇ–ElËm3¾udM˜½‰†ÄÔ¹ʬožÚŸ~|y»×u£®iㆥù">ïÓ]CÒ€äOR`°íiarèš j
±>äQ°.Í%->ÌbË J–ÿ�Jm{\{.&ó®fD
ÆiH>Vþ_�þ¼rO·6ÛlãêrJRãz6QÆ'Aèš··Dyÿ�Ï.¨óµä¥ÜfÜ?6Ì\Ìœ(q1'"HE¹ ÄJµíbÔ ñãÁŽÒѵ£É«þиyÙ3bdC¹4m•bd•j²#'óСkK}¼r¤ÜXÏš±8VÑždÅØzó¥7IÖ4ÖŽ6n8©U‰ù�}F¯¨:ï‚[Ù¨îŠþhú?µ¨]{,ðÐÛ-è(l©
Ô×@7Dž€&lsqauo;Ð W¡óÏ:9ô5ëúžt†çßDPƒWªÑäþÚ2«ñZy_PXò¸&‰Ðp/îú÷СwÍhC×õçB€HBxàÞ€yçšÕ�':�O�­4|hÏß@q]ÃnÚò„±ecFV-´â!*,w�ô×ÊjÝË·_&z}£&-ºMÃiÈl¬(£–°ó™Áì³Iƒã@EIû^¶²M[hÊè›SïvǸáne ÍÆ)°ã—&—ºcŠ½²pŒ ¹<²µ/å µwÇê£%I"Úã4ßVrù×+\Œ,üy±òb&lsqauo;½â•
¸hÑæ¸óãX{¦}|sŒ"¦w¼$ƒoÁÛv¸$DÊ)XBmõóçç®)¶|ì­Êr"ù)z"? cɃ<†›p†L|h�îy%qC´y?˜úï¢MÑœk"Ñ3§0§Ú:woÚóÇ40ÛY CMqæ‰#÷ÕNäÙ¬óS›q/™} J¹`&lsqauo;äj³—e&åëí;Œ}AŽù0ÅŽqóR;/èßrºd•<°Ì(š¤›¦n-SVFÆÊÛ·ýÇ}†^4X²¦V_aUÍò…¨²Ý…Uv-ò@ÖT8³M8Ãfo¯1¦m§3û±³:'8 •r?o¯=!ô±‚IO~NýÓ{¯üSÒ&üÌ ¹˜q¼µ@ {BÈ|œ7·í¯l]¤Ï6XpÈâ\íªs�‚y­P _' eSàj
(~UzX�©ëª {�$
ð4 Ç5�€üôƒÏÓÛ@aó½�aÅՍRŽ«ò�#JÁÁ<@8ð/÷Õ'àøÐ
<h,.îï}@!n*üêÑD²}ô 7Z/éï¡À¡¡FÚÀ%|èˆ5Bô!É
òäË•g;R8Ø„�Ð'Š$Y?:cóurìõ+j³'eâMݐO2G}®!+D©ä _'*õ•:MÈ8õERc¤Ý;ÚV6õ³Ë'B¬{÷}aÄ­>MYWÑSæíP6Ϲ¿­ …b‡%Ù¢)ÛEYAä€>•Ç'kñîÎКÅ>Q3{.ÍÕ8_´>F>厘3Gê,ýÅo‰òí$
$s®®j¨ï)àößߏìuv >ç„r;¥BAªîQçÅð?}aöx'`áÜÀ´üóÉÕéÙ>Á¿¦§Ô[í ÷à÷ªÚ%lII*¢üEX
÷±ÀÑl4+EHVÃë\ruG'"uÆ\Ý›rÅ'_·" h'—þ×óÖV•6¶'ð{zh1÷n€Ü¥ôò°%98ˆÇóFMH«ó
Ôoß¼'À:öᕪ7ê'•d^NÝç]O qóЏbQ¯¤ŠöУdQãP€•ìte|  ×¥e¿}BG�y‰ÕY±Î¡B Í]id ï|é`5jãB =øÒˆ(pt¢„›½�a¯›öÕ°‚&ÅÖ€K" ïßKùV€õÏ?-B ¸ÕVV€æs3 RXŒÛ ÜEðA Š¯]|ÞIžªh ¹Øy±«$fxš$ek1½0"Áö$xùjSi¶…î'G¸âÈ"¤yL¡a!L"r 6¬üß Q÷çäu?}¡tÍ6ßédá4fc"´OGï㟟:'Šª-ÖÏ2Á41�}5eõÉ㟽iI¯‚HÃeoçúÐàd²âL`Eg~ßÉ
+×] jó`ò<ñZ£Ñ&lsqauo;¹‰Év¯ö63.ݶÏ8@D)aZNÁMÀ¨Ðç"\kÛYÚGž·²¯Ôǁ¡ÊÝ÷|‰D«QGŠŽSº"¸ç'O'O�VšŒ"Vé ˸íØA "?/l™ÚfÇ"£ü@þw¢Éÿ�0:ºù/ažYå ,='„ºò¤_4Gé©c³Ùa[A¸ J늿—'tò-œµ÷m·¤¿&lsqauo;x]IÙ48¸ÒÎlqÜZí'`ÚEŽ<|ù×lR©lõקwäúnܶž Úñ÷Ÿ6,Ì,…îŽX͏¨#ØŠ6<ƒcνiÞϝ(¸ºdÚǝ%pHõZò?m
RxBW·ŠÐ�GF€e•:¢5@Ù*Ô Ž}ô(ñÁó¢XßJ»&lsqauo;®5hz¯ŠôÎ…V¾AÐ ƒQ­(1à㶎 »ÅÓB
'"ôС¡Ëjø:²Eòyùê"BÀOé 8>ÝÕ»ñˆ·X13,¦P/È D÷v@'Dù¯œá(vCëLÕ"µC'¹˜8Á–^$È€#G`€¡ÈäŸ'í4.ÈYÒvWÙšê,ÙáÛ[|l¼xæp«— IR&%Èõ/•åhŠ Xø‡'¨5TÌÊõFƒ§gŠ|9BÆѼlá/j³ÕÑíî,ßbrÕ»,¦6ÉnÑM%Õù ·÷ÔŠÓdgë"õT²ĘÑÿ�¡÷ý5¾•ŸKÐÿ�ëÕþÈé[dãôvݸK<ùà�åêã.—éñ_'ûlü¼ë-ë£ÅžJYdãóþårÀÛ~Fí¹¶n,L Å™×Ó(C²ÉÜ@*VÔj|ót-äÚ‰ÉÒ[,. ìh›!q³±&ó#©£xêƒ ¾GÂ^þBÅÖšÓDºèjM–xâ†rvy]D}Âÿ�-ø¿åx𦽼ŸL©~eà . I"… Ê~—þ¿ï¨Â0´`eî]I¶gí‰"dÌ2qåuÙ>AVY®yÃhî4Ñ×ÜmE'Ñ?øg™ŸÒsºÿ�3òL"ið•¿/¨´Ö£ÿ�Ú;¿—`óÉׯùÔGÜƲ%ÑßîÍ®çŒ^ UV„'<{èP CÏ#AB±óÐ 0÷­G 'dϾ©{a¨A–ýô(Ù¿Ë¢�ž<ê²IZлРܹЍù­
:®@ó¨CƒòÒÀA¯ßƨ»ž9ùè,0Häh»?c  vp5�Ù£î5@͍@|W¼ÃJnY9.&éø"—¹gg´¬¢;›ÿ�§ƒÒÎ^¢-]UÌÑXåivHÙúƒq14xùqOO. 9GCBՐß$´Õžyã®XF?&lsqauo;ÉÎ)½#}QenøLw\&ÊÂõD.éMmÜ#'´°j¦«ã›×ÛKfª©²çdê,<­Â\©à˜ùC°0=ÈY!É;ƒoÇjŽljÉQ#Ñ®ybœ&DOÜ%'€nk‡í¿ÿ�çí®k¯îvstÇÆë_â6t{"ƒð˜y AÀ%!,§çðK<ÿ�W®Œ÷Bo¥N>wú¤u ©*aܲ0ny»#Y­&+ªÌ?ðOSªÓ4°)>9üB–î÷ú맧_ê›úN5·Í¾tê‰öÊm¼KØó@?™ ¹« Z1£æ®¾÷¯d¡vŒ¦ÎŸÓ{þéÕ{Ví'>Ï6NÛ$PK鼞"ªáìE"­jK&lsqauo;ö"Áñ燲Ó]"ï³aµåÓ>CMøl£!¡EÕUœñä{ly*jņZ r2q0—'rÌrqñã2³ î!QI&¾á¯ì5†í–1ri/&.]Ë3ø"Ð]I³ÉÝø¼¼|VîFr3Åßõ¿Ð׸:í…µ4™éŽ&±dŒ¿š>'gߍ{™°ƒ_ßBŠ7¡OXЇ®üâHèÙç' ny Ö‚Æ}>— aò'@4Õýôgæ4 6G#'ªº?=ë@öÐ.4ƒbìñ¨zУ¡¸Ð†®ÓBŽ+T
ûÐ Ü ý´­jøùq 'Ÿ|µ×«·§Qm{\ê‚Ip}X•‡›•Á¢<éÿ�}x?ñðáŽOïþǧ4œ¥±:CaÂÊMæXá"?UcGŠP~_;¦¹ä¥.QŒN¾¨Å¶\dôÞF,§'nžXg_ÊѬ?QGÚøׁeœtwúdeçÙúƒ:L¸"š\™eVwHû]ˆ>äíó¿{Íúñz´×#"°Ç´Í·HcubÎ"=ª6þN)Œ-ƒfÁ¨ûO<#ävSÇ4šGG&lsqauo;«²AÆÇÚ&lsqauo;ñRn?‰'EWqfR+Ø"cà›'UžˆÉ¿I$ü4tífY"Œ¨,lUPÀ{xÔ[<Ô"2]Y,ƒ¤æ)9l¨U€¡Ê¥ß>Ü~Çí®¾›s3>'ÉYaÆOA$% *© uó|{{ñçç¯aƒ}ü8‰Á¼Ê
H¹9€ò ßc'Ï"¯'©w$¾ÇHþüø5Þœø+¼díÿ�ü<¶—3 ;ÆÇÜÆÈ÷‡þµÂ;ìÜjÕ˜¾'";©ÿ�DZ7Œ©rq$Çdš0J¯óË–<Pÿ�o¦¥T•ßY(G‚§ÿ��ctûºnê,ÌeÞvÌ<"+þ‡•‡dŽ§ÃÇ°H9±Ö"¦›9dõ\ð¸%MöÎÛ²õOJõlJû6í$ÞäU•ꈿ<xyZöFjGÎqkf7¶´dwš²t‚��@t@½�&¾Z–:‡î?—}�Ó9Ð "g^„"Ï¿ÊõE‚Hƒ ºÅØýõ�A…ê€Á»àh¸­@>סG'Ç°úè‡é è>ƒª_×P |Xó  ß5 gÌ]q ©Õ±nYN˜£( Ìxþd–ír;o'ÅÝ}õçô´±òjF« b/ÒÒgã/!«ƒÀRT~ºóz¯«+:A¦¡…Xòºó¸&[¡¿ÂÇE»êùûj,i"ÛÛqŽ<Q5•øC¨öÿ�Ë:é…}ÌÞݘ½«+7+ø¿½A'ŒòƈQ\­,!h
ãlßÖλ:¤tN2ÁW´Î‡.df9sž<eb{Yš—Åÿ�×êu-­œL?Xe#tD'#±Ÿs<•J&lsqauo;ÊÂÅña9ùn¾—r£|#ž+hå˜vF'þg¢ð…(<Èÿ�A~ÃGEþGétTóH9›2I{‡žßM׸ëÉê?Õj(Ücú[†Ü±J‡Ò¤FkÜx÷ö^h»Vn©èÀt 97¼)Ôhr]€€§´×µù­nJ™êõsy!Ž_cy¹zOŠÉ)í^ÖF~@]þ•ý´i5Lñ³)¶t·N&iݲñ#9™-Þ@S"²WaæØš,h/'(€I¶ø¨ØnÝ—Qï=eÒy9‚Aÿ�lÐ8
ŽÍø´Z>šoGæ(wÒ¥ HÂÔÚí=Q°u
F˜¹ž†Q
.BúR‚Àµ`ØšöôÃ$'Ó9Ê 5qîyÖ̏o@/p?}�˜Ð 1þº2ož8Ð1–¿Nt Á!ªȪ»ûè�?® 7óÐÅQ7ôÕ†#Ïú0 y5z�ÃW¾€p5Yõ(
zС‡êÐ Ô�X?úÔxÈM�ÖAtN‚ƒ%I¾àFƒ³™6Öcq™£î• PÚŸß_#ÛqÚg·•ö'?jQaKPÇørè;/í¬¹M?«cMPøÝ �Ü<œk³ÜP²{RØýëÇÚô²"q$ŒÍ¯")D°?jÝ®hñÍxçûëN¸²uØæ- h}:(Ñ( ¦øö?·:ÔE"Iì…¶+>^é'ð"2-Z©˜Dÿ�§Ÿ®'í²x&äÅ^D8Ž�Q 'Y�Ñ©ÅûÔ‡ûëM½Ó0o·îÙ[Îq  lW#Ñ (vŠ4IãÉ$'n‰çuÃ5 6ÌI7G1Ì|Ý®#.^8ø=J ­A¯´ÙâűùxשJ2é™iÞγÑGÒè-£ ºö$¦ rê,ûp¼ûp5âÎÿ�ÕØê¿
6+!ÅÛã"å¡"·ÅÐ'ÿ�±Jƒf¦£&lsqauo;lé±ÔÙ9!¥Ü–i§v?
ªN>`vØ>ÖÃÅi+»=>ªU%ÄQm¸îpfG—?­Œ™)1@g¹/ÃÀ®qà/›«NN*th˜¾Š>1…8KGʽ̴|º$²ßÏFªÚ*ø Jò³Á¬šúÇ÷?}kMÚ#˃›µE‰—ˆ¬¶9áxϦ D&lsqauo;cK»õ‡J,5}A·_h…È\„ `…nx÷ª¯}n¢Pu3. ôk6N®én¨R»~â'e+2¶.AʤÓð"dâ¿Zת9##›&lsqauo;F"¹ÇÙ›¿µè,ƒ° /@6Ot Ù {ó €Gš:�}´@dúê€7cǾ€Ó|Ó@{'í¨Õ^ªI­�àä'zÅízlóæ´¯žx½àkÞ¸ó Í~`~z-âÏ¿ß_4öíÈúYÔ ÛC ?xŠ™î*k»ïU~¾²ã-•ŽÉ·nîfǍå_‰Æ«Ê?ßYqáõEÑ{ì³H(áÆ"@¯7CßôýõÔËùÛ£LLY]Ý»]ÌŸe�}üWí©¬7à~WX²%Ê…_-õCþÃWÈð$àË
˜*P{xöùÿ�¥hÞ´JÙE²anƒ"ÜPW´ÕO/`Ù±GËyúqô°n.ÐeŽׁ¶aG¶*bÅê+«á¦UVP(U
�û{jJÞËà(F\=>ÇyñáŸðñ"Á¥M=«ŽÕýßM5¡çfCmÃÉoá®Õµäƒ!ñ¦U…ןæ;vžëçüÕí¬ä•m38Ï+k­~Æw#3?dË­·3Ð-Zl…Aj·Ï"È'ï|ñúˆ=Iì²Å.âhv®°À–5ƒ3Å%A8ÎY{l¤1ïŒ�¾lž¿:îíìäÕvivÍÃnÊg&lsqauo;x9®nQßÚ²*&lsqauo;µ"Ç°ã9³d×}³?  ¬�M‡??—ï¢è¦CeÊËÞ7î©ÃË–v† Þì%·i^hXÅdü!àaððýï[ÉÆ$O²³§[jê?ñ-ž}¦8¤ÂË2v†Wí¹$PÝÀ÷F÷
àŠX7¬K…;ì©Ù§&lsqauo;vßvhåܶÕz‡fþTÀò+³ÆÏ"ŸFPi‚ªp äݵëK<±:—F\##M…ÕFw§p›jË~ïäå¯h%M7cþV�ý~¾9×¢ñϦs–9D¿õ,ù:ê`ñ~8ó �¿$1Ð,µçA`÷ïcé ž8?í $xo:N±Î…qÆ„¨þº jûé`ð<Þ©QàûèQÕ6 h$.Ž€yç@!??}‰ÞÀÒè ÿ�µÝkæ3Ö/>ú1bóæüh�"…<<k2Ú*ìnBª²V#š®ýu¶ÌUƒŽ¬¸q£ )ýëE¨•¢ä™3eíñÄì!! ʱw—Œ¬œG?Vÿ�úé{/Ü8'LJ6d@"î%»P…°&lsqauo; h&lsqauo;Æø­¤f¼™{œ?ˆÂÉL˜Ã]UíçDÃØäù &lsqauo;s�=C ²ƒä×?é_¯ßRN&lsqauo;@G ÂÛ»&\rÄUü]‚ÍýN³i"¾ÈÂL‰ñ`YSÑŒG\QoÈGoÒ"×¨÷Awdü­¯,2`nì rÉ‚3Ú7Ê'Û:n<þ¿êè`r‰ŽÒ2㱿ÊömwÎç Ô{ÿ�q8¹7"VVÅÔ;6LYXóM(€—ù–öÄÝWLn¯^xú¦µ'8KqtYaõ¶ë²Íéo# nAôÙš‡À¬ @ùèñu¯F9G'à9N=›¿©:kp&lsqauo;geÄÉG ÉÚl/8$³Ç>ã[ºÓ2×À½=°âì›îõ¸Ãœ2±7Y#PŠ;šV=ÅGó9cLyíâÍ jSæ©®‰TevͯwèŸá¾÷•$&lsqauo;àЦXÒSé…Ê–°A>õ~õ­MÇ.D¼¤^îy¸g©ñú?mIS2?Ä@ü¾fkSàDr 凹çíÜ\ׂÛZ A¸õL¦L=»Å»bá8ŽL‡34L¨»¯½m»i<ØäUëQÍ"r莕ѶÛ:§kÜáUÜc›gËïô½<¿¿ý$¾Ö±ÈÝ^Þuè†hKVr–9!w^§Ùvô²Yä™ÔUáX–
Ï¿ÓÍ&lsqauo;ÔòF˜ª,±·]£sôÆá,K(NñÞÕX¾ š­iIK¦FO :ÑBä
ãP‚~Úƒ•¸í›JÄwØñÄ®;Û@qó<h( 7M¢¾=ÒLÔü¯éÇ*‚ÁÛ¸Š�O øù_×@LYdYc`ÈÀ#å ×' ƒª°y­8ËßDT°,s Ÿ>çb_ÌM ÛÝà, \ëæžÀ
M{] øa@غñ¡Fåâ0?¨þãX—ECs+´ `ØSL>ßôÖÞÑ&lsqauo;Þ„ÔlHÄ¿Ë`Q½r ~ß®¢è¾LŽOSG'¿n[fÑ·®dØj°"4â3wIcÉv�ñð«s}i&²7h«&lsqauo;§7=×pmßsÏÍžFfh±q¤h`ˆµRì µ›7Ú·�.§8="ÆÑ*m³ØÔ7NA‰£$"ƽà4aÁ(lÛ–ËPŸ4u…'r|'¦´¬"ÙSu&,„Fø²G¶Íð‰dP²³-�W‚WÓn yÄ뢕½3åšÉ‡¯³K#Gÿ�2b ž,x ôVM‡œ±â͵ä¬3F#X™£
ÝѱdUø£¬Õ컲Þ,ÉÇl[† ¬´I0ü`˜›ûq¬ó~QªFK§0s0ºß¬³óÄÜ%2â?¨½Ý¾¼¯E2ü.§âéã]''98¨¾—üq»63bE4n¬€Ú'ãé®S‚–™¤éœ·¯öLI6}½€ô™·RÊ€ðQîÅsîk鮞&lsqauo; ­ý¿Ý,ÛŠLÈnVå°ô_On»>D'K"¬ž×VŠÈaî9ûó®˜SÉŸ"'×ù3'¥"ÆùÔ6ٍéËøœq¸lsð–b<¡=¾[Ú¸>÷¬c^ê""éš'Q¤Í\=iƒ4ïµo1`̍Ã' ·k…#ÉW=¯`®þš.UÍj4n˜ßzƒhê |‚7ŒS蘤^ÇXŠN(yüÒ†¿�ðyÚ›IÇä•äÍ›²gugP²¬ñîŒe‰K¿r†#´ &Œcët=õg(Î1Ái¶ÇvÙ7§¶¼üT'w Ÿ"l¥•9õbü<R!>¼—bþIcQ¶¾Fü•ù=7…·ÆØB²1ŠÌK((Í<•ü¥|2×ôÙîÖ[œtØqŒ'ÊY¤ÆÈFQ„Ñ0¥U#•fª /š8 FÚŠ^8Ê-::ßð÷+¬7_ñ ·½Õó°áŠ8â-'¨;¹#"L sÈ7uì/Ս¹+#£§¯Í­óe`¤«W@|õÕûŸPǾD›¾å㍠Ë@À#1
˜Ç@‡PÄ÷(E�³$ÙªE6à2vÄÚ7L¼¬¦‚jÀÆ? YîGbo´PæË"í¬´ÚtN)èí½)™ºÏÓøQB?Äâ‚qFDŒW¹;A sÞ«ÇæüÀØ"€;Šilí›R|õ¤\|µ,‡ˆçƒÆ–PÖê#Tƒ€{
vŸ�j;I4}´v•®5AÈ6þ¯Ø÷¬µÆÅÏÈÂœ5 }Ê$…¤çú"àG:ùÓÅ—·³Öš}(² ¡¢'6Y,©È>+YMK¡×d»è&lsqauo;ò:¢ì Míä÷
­eø(1 …A&lsqauo;$ØàŸúkFçg|=œÙ þ€ßŸ•
ûjÕÆåí¸ØÛ¼¹8»^â¹Mß#Í‚@2÷Ie^™KYÍ
«5uÁ¿­Û~ ž%¹Ýñ°¢ôŒ"b²¹8¤ ýÀ@|šþv|ôQK¦g–ö,;Ö$ùÝ°ã¾w|êa0~ÒxIñ;¨{'íZ–Ñm37›>6^nù³™0æ<äE?À–+ÏȞې>ªkDÜZD¤Ñ¥Ùw\>¡éŸÅâ3ƒzNÎ+â
>OÁÖé¥R$·²î n&u� Å׶"dîÕu§PG¿vš4G"rD')'š<ö€~ÚË‚}&lsqauo;¢9žoÁæMžÕ.YG#~àx+þºœ+¦,ÏõÓ›ÔûL8öÀøó¦@'4î @aÚT�7ç¼×ÈûëYb•µdœyª3{þמz/bÙð1ÎlÛtÏhK+h*‰³ÇÃdX']pf‚"œ_ü™ÉÒHÕX±Ó£±¥‡úpŘOo#Û'Ç#÷ÔÄ'Á6¼ßìYnh&lsqauo;6Ç·eÛB˜Š%äWèÂÁo|õ™ÁÃѨǻÿ�–#;ÈÛ1[võ‡Ó›Žv[¹ÃʍV7fe¦T5^Ä–¾9úù¾™*^¢0­S$_ÐÙ§ƒ¨ú£jÈÆÂɏ#&\ÜÊV$°ôwlOÏ×Û\SN.W¤èߤkð:«£ú—+kÍσÓÌÅ'YqåV,ËE‡ÂCËWô£­>P´f"è-Û~n•Úÿ�µ¶>ùƒ•ºÏ,¤ÖÅþÑÛv—òø¨øÕ_^ºb¾Ne'.áf"ãÈà¼&lsqauo;ý ÜÓ±°|x²Öº.QÙÕûylºAú^ÄÚ7ÜåžIÀÆ ?l)ÜEÕpI,Çâ Ü*﷝vÅ4ôû<Ù0Ê
ûGlµ'CR°A×S&lsqauo;tvÒ9;Y"…aìk@pn¤ÛzL}çx"-Bú©$±3wÅn=0ën�í ÏÖªÀ×&Út™´›ìÎÉ´`eoá¸òŒ%£—wg)U?¢Ã¾×šøCü¤jAÉêe(ê]?PfâáE&傘ؐPÁÅ'Gð}e²ÄžÓFû~>àÝ"ïvsq§GM¯#hAóÆ‚‚Ï%Pº+¯Ê4©'Ø®€.å Èûè (Ñ:ò ýô)ò±agc¼Ç+XWÔˆ—^àãš}Ï>æþÄ_'K­£°tþTÛ—Lí[œÌŸˆ"Ráø@×樁gýõó\xͤv–Òf–&'±ÀVWRK|ø÷ñ­0ç`«A\1úqzËÓE2À+©-dÑ¿rmm™òIR¸í,}t`¢Ë&lsqauo;q—qipf[ƒR«2~c@¯myæ_^iÔÝ­½hæ›ßñzéÞ¤ÍØÆ.6å&lsqauo;†D4 Û±å¨$€Xø…]qd]z!éÔàšuf9&lsqauo;üBé=Ï37®–V¤ ¹õƒðl*¾o¸íú™zyÂÚ7Eè×Ë•¸l-—ƒŸŸ‡ê'd ž¢xÔÑ¥§´@
ñÅó|SnUÙd«²ïiÅÀÄ驱°^1"†ôûJ0ÆIP){Hª®*«[ví³-ôic´š5cf¹çÅ
ÿ�m<Ù.ì×À¼oú O'òТqàz€ˆÄ¹QÝT[Á¯•éJ‰dgÛñ qÜHÄ7jþPÐ{|õ7©í¥Ð»ì­4oéÕ Kº +êeõ¨O&lsqauo;úEZ¤öä'ªÜøñí'vdLO³ôîí´aÊùgåC*wÃÚFÝÝanþgž¬×'NJ´gGŠ'aíÒ7Tôû¾9"m!–Ù#`Ì
¹�…4Þõÿ�NL±8ýÍmJþƧvüž—Øæ–*˜îÑFQñ+ãÂI<xçûýo^‰îYø0ž'kÒïÛ¾.nã,˜ø90ª:«¹^ÞEÐ \®9ãÅ%á~fãO¿'ª~–Û³$Šm"t1ädãú± cÿ�õà'Ï p/V9²ÃñÇAÅ7i™Ùñº&lsqauo;k'"+2„d#²#æ<"¾_õ븲W†U<ÛÙ»éŸâ'øs ¯¨V|ÌbK4îÝÙ1ñÉ6ßÌ�ùòM"K®ðrK{G)ÂÜtΛ¸>oRlrè¾ W$ã§sH{jÝw#YŽ $UJä¾–rJ´Ṉ̃sv­&lsqauo;¨aGÛ[~Þ·$™(¯]æøH{$«£7ÝȐhf:ÑöYl»ÁÕóu_Pî™yYùK$¥,ÐÀc¢Àª6ÑŸ†ˆŒU{kñF™«i¤¾ /°G™—&lsqauo;¾EšD™£'Û(±Ût,C�Ex6­rōrçY%®,ê÷¤iÈeeP¥ˆ¢ßR<_¾»œƒ<sZõø£¡Bf¡Éã�&@ƒyñª6:®ä{þÚIŸs¨RkÏ:åi0v‰0$Í›!ðâH .ôOg&lsqauo;ö¯¹Ô³«tu-ŸfÁÉ階"<¸øq1G•ý4$p*ƒ
×Ïk–G/»;IU#Qj#V4…"}jŒù$0Ù�$"ö?ïZÃÛE"±©ûd"ÖÔ×Èû×êu_`ô3¿Ã¬@£\ò^oû|ôLŒ²ÅoV¤¿Ì&lsqauo;fªüEvËàù{‡ñQÔytO¸eËéö±$´Ò7šªÃÏíã_F:Š9ïÉW³ãÇ•Õ{|(?4ä×ÉEÁæü•kŸ¨u†_ÐÔ?³éM³
1Ó™}ÚöËÿ�,y¯<�×ɍëçãŠ:Mر°¶‰'I!J£'G6ˆ¶OØ oÃ3eü<ðÇȯ×€–ìœYVÙˆ[Ô41fL­ £¼gµÀ7ÚÃÊŸ¨Ô² ãTë¡EÈ<}t!î®tP&†„d ¿\äáG ²#;z…kò׎G¹®uh¾\(/ºy$ÈrIV'cƒä¡P
æ úèâ¥à"<ÛFâ% ¸†Už%f<J*˜'ɪ]P¯©5tû'd1•·Œ˜±qHÜr%"$÷ö›'™˜ ®�cášù<øÉö]x9®>:ÿ�Œt^\î2m˜Ò²7åì=Šn쉷?ZãÔŸÑ?êÎoÁ ÌÛà|œ¸ý )˜EB­Î*¸+ó=ÊÜŽo»ë® E¿Ë÷5mLÝ»§³–,Lý½ñX!dÈŒ‡Vg‰dø‡hí®ð?«È𠩏e8?ìVâôÆö ¿­¶ã~Û6i›ðø®W%çÜš5™
÷UU  ¤°¹y÷׫Y ¦s"­y±â'Rã6;åH©É&6lŠç¸2×ÀG4Ulù²IÔsQ&lsqauo;fb­£±ô|½+±ìçoÍÏÀÇΚwNùê#2ŠPœïo„®ºÃ£2[—þê÷ˆÿ�‡ÜdH3Gm…6jRÞÅA÷Ø­ÍÕbKÛš—‡Ùµõƾ Ù„{k©ÈC UÕôÐP"|Ö‚…ìR¼)>Gí ¢@†¿&lsqauo;ï H/B*èZð(ÇŒ $›ù .nK0Ù²°'9â"!!ÇFíR™$ÓY7hãä~ºÍÖÙÑm£¶Â"ƒc‰c^ÓØ&lsqauo;áGwôç_>£³¬Ý±**ö0íP(þžÚÝ™G²XFÉ$[�+å~ÿ�A®mÓF¼ pâÉRÝ´x£ú_ßFØTG.©ÜáZ½¼kôÖ­#4YmÁÌG#µ@»ªQÇ÷Ô]6kÁòþl«.vå'k#É<Ýðÿ�˜žîO¹k±úë読´€éP&ëí®.òAõžÏõTe‡ÞÊrõ?údnËgÒø*"ؤ>;&lsqauo;"çÍWû x±tn{èfåVE¾�¡éƧýì5¦Õ-'B²Ý ÐñöKÕ)KÔû&lsqauo;l½;Ÿ"Яá¤Q"‚ÄñÍÝ°ª÷«¤äŠbN"8ÿ�GgbíY4…#ΆX版¸ÔÈíJÞ9ä˜>Sñòø3î RTÉÇLˆËpIX¯'×"è$'Ã&lsqauo;Žù3¸H¢Fw-À
$ý€ýµh—FK§:±z§sÏۥ×HxVIÌ'¸´‚(©,Eƒd[ɍãíöE%#gÇ5Ïߍ`¤Yóvý¾\h32à‚l'Vy�2,ö‚mˆÐð4ßdìiŠ°ð<õÑ"RžkçªX>N„ðGÊËÆÚcL¼¹=4õUá-lMCë¨Ý!M™½eé̺-¾Œ-ÆlffYÂ"Ë-ÞU°ÏžMŸ¦¶òIýˆ'.æÏÓtÇD‰ß'Ç׏ê÷ûøã\ÜWf¼½Ó¦·l×ñxqÃ.¬„"0¨±ÃŽÐ8ž'ÍšŒY#qf$›z2½Q.ëƒ×]Fv­ÇrÂüdXîcÅr¿@ 'Tƒä=ù�1'WJ(Ì«'Wƒ'º":M,3E#1h²±KW¤o½Gq[avÂø÷Z"á(÷Ù&n6è²_ Fï´Ïšqó¶Âê2qͧdÑ-÷
ÄŽÞ.¬_#JIjÉ5»;™ÚñNÀxÃB¨¨Ñáj¼ ×W½Fƒ‡ qñbÇ÷‰;ª®…h8†qÓ°­è(ˆø¿!xïB8ü œz4£BP`l/m0×"¼haz-]^‚šHÀ*´)ò¢Kþ!>Ü'¼ÊzÆ|„"ƃь«;Ç�Š|0àÐ:ã""QuÝ"þ£C¹õÛâå]® IaŠ"³1—¸öY¢¬-CqKgÞü䆸«ti¶åö%C×[3âK.lžŽDQ'X=Ž9³Éý¯E+ÓEâûfS ­wøeÉÏÜrcË€ß@ÉÞсì7š®xä$ØÖåéÖ¸öŒ«&IüDi²q¦ÆÚŽ9‰ßñÒ¹-2{Z¾^,ódŠÚ¿þv¼›´HÝzËxÙ²q¶üyàÈȈ$Š"£³ÛDš»¬sÃUŠ&,SŒÓ}
©:·©¶‰á›xÜ"þX¸ÖV'cUíá$õ$_‚g† ²–¨ªú¾Ž, @`{hP@æ¨Ð<Û|‰ºÖÖŒÝl·éy\Ç4ñF•&lsqauo;!/à`@'ŸoŒ×ìO?U+Â!ø­/©6ͯ¥óßtx]ñ¼S#'ó-¨VÊ}˜|&ˆ±F¸b‡KäÔ¾Ny¶õö÷‰ƒ&ï [Ž@ÈWžà{KY˜Ÿ½¿A\Š×i`OkDäšVjöN¿&lsqauo;2?ÿ�6˜Ø¿‡É>Gq"e®ä à1ü´Ì=ˆ¿3ÇOEIQuÔ;ÎÁÔ¼bí{ŠO'òGÅ%=,ÀqõÃ&lsqauo;µýQ× põIþÌÁô¼ç¬6\™ôFDìüvèl{pÿ�µ~½½E×óäÆ4ž¼ß÷éØöªRWmq_-yìÏZ*wôfé}æužXeÆÛògŠXœ£Ç"Á!Vr<ñïZ±Iɽ3–tN$ÿ�ñKªîS\9R–0¥JÍ A~~zíêU¥F1¾é°p@£âµÀêržºläÞö¶ôdíŒÆñÌ'~ZkŠµ7Á7È#ÅsÛ
ú%g9¿©:™±ãƨÄ])±W@þ£\"í&Íý'Žê=çsÚúŸ¦öÜ •Ž ²+)}EfEÄZI ©D7°×HE8I¿ri¤mctš$OÀêÇçXû—ÉC‡ºCÔ™»¶Ù&ˆmù^ˆõa2&lsqauo;ãèMæêìßPT"Ý'=¿°Ø=-&lsqauo;•·àe?á2³deÃŽd.ËLß"Š]ñÈàkטšåò3¶ãf>$'dnYž°Ý'@c*$s´iܽ½¼*!&¬×7fýxñFX×#Œ¤ÔØÑî1$é—œg_‡ÒîŒ#¯Â·È»¹y'rËŽ8ä'7峜uBa¥› î-Ý40HÐÁ&lsqauo;ÜdPü1r~%!kåï\ëx×(홟â"„Ø"hÿ�ánùROA$ƒ°¿zª'…�]&lsqauo;äW¹Öœtf¶Sòþr#".ÃcÕnÄÜ«G´ð ø#Áœ—&ßFe$™3lê~¨ÚãnVfv^Þá;±%[!Wâ!ÿ�©…ƒÝÅN*ÓÑ•+òO›©s^y›nÝ·ü42‰ÁžÀÕ„óÈ»ù
#‚:Rå×îTéÒfÛ`þ$º¦ßÕQ÷7)&rŠ'ÅQÇÐþþÇ[ŽEä·àè»nýÓÝHüs‡!×–&lsqauo;»¶@sÚy®G"Ç#[M0ËuxAˆ#çªTx óGï t!H.´'€K'OÁÇ̍—`H(Û@|0û—¨R8'õƒööÅì)�cWÈà ªä늏ÉҐ×à÷é¦íFK÷wuŠ@d$Ð9ãéçkH'²Â›ê\©E²ˆ#oÏ$Œe{ˆ$ÙíóíGÛW•'èÑm½—´6<Ý°¡"ñ(øÑ™-»�íî`¿+7ds^H8WË• v=øœÆƒ ?&ÑK3Áä"T<p(ù7kU«É·T/EfgFuŽÌÒÃnX³FLo€ÝîÀå´=­ÇSWµš½PRù2ÓË&&LøïÝ ž©áF¬Øa@°¢Göù-Ù琬¯41«cR*4®´�•>Ã'ÕǷ̪ovizW+>-ùå˜czr¼ÎÀúFHÉ+ìáÞ>Ã\sÒdzQ{4T&ÈX6Ý›'731 1Hò3vÑZAdŸ¯š¿Ž^¹;ÖŒctÿ�VÆ…§7K†Jx}&b¶,ŠÝѯ–½ZLŐÀyҁ=NÉ;]1/'mpüðJiäx"Œô P±ÄÅ—âîðÑ¢.ù²(Õ¬ñÙÓ›DìmÓqÚÛ2LgŒrE–=ˆíDQà7-óø®¾zŽ7¦U-Ùp:תqreÈ&lsqauo;zhÚiUä*;ª‚¼«Z']¢È³é¯>oÒ¢óKD¼ž´êÇj}·':G‡)fI²ÛÉ(Zí±@PG¶äñÁ1cVVÓEVÛÔ[ïOçþ72E'
ú‰"2ŽàL`@î&lsqauo;pGè5¹ÃŸg8Ô[6Cø™¹œIS/j‚IgGì"Ú#–¦¶-ÝÁ@¶I³ÛÏÚW¦mlÊfuVá¼N23ûen'˲¢ú} 7å$šä–÷±®‰qM# &ìè#ø•‚ÑÀ!ÚJ¬">¦W�|?ã€yðMy>@<}§Õ›¤SõgUm[¶ûµ¶ËåÇ·d2rB#ü`Ð<öƒÚGsW¹£ï¨AðkäÃ[V_ÅüLØâY!ÈÙ2¢h˜athÉ?™$Þâ>´lÖ³í=¢«jêÎ"Úz›|Ÿ"`ƒ/.iàŸÐžF–ì�¬<€GmUëR&lsqauo;•RéãWd¾¡êŽÝ7î™ÎÇÜ&lsqauo;Å·K+É0ˆÒ,\Wæ e¼|½Á¤c.2û‰*h²Á뎎¹G^YQ3dF}
Ô7BÈ¢ºÉ¥äQ'vÅô™‰E·h]Ǭzs>»;'%²ñ¦q<~›"úŠH<ÑüÂèEóU¬g&lsqauo;"µðXiQ—ßw=·xßöýÛ¦¦gÇÆÛâ†UXìö‰$j*yìÜ ý†¹ãn¤jqµq%nÿ�àÓ±æ¾T{zD³L1Ðq/gg$¯oŸíϧuh⛣ &>EVÚŽ5¢ˆÍê ^/µ›÷ š6x×(äŠüF^ÞÈ+.YÉ'3=u™PÇ%‚ÊX<ƒô?Jäk²âÒh(¦&lsqauo;äěҊ|©š0]PRáü¬>†Ÿòþ£Œ²(é#»ôü ¥&O]»à¨ó$i;Kʇh±ù‡ÊÏÓëçOv·G¡z,n£Ë±výÏ{èmÞã€T ÝÌDSGuÚÃÚÅý¹#Åë¦<Š[G—?¦žlî[\t¯Sœ|3" u™‚ŒY¨,O
¬xcà{Yº®ÖrNÕ—Ù;„0f.×…Ù™¸Ú¹Æ„d›~xªVÚõKL›D±Kx¥^9iÜ|X<_|ƃh—Ü.‰ó­�ÒÅÅ#"¯&lsqauo;$¾€ã2â™ÌqcÏ$p ÀâǶ»I"È®Oύa«tih'³áãàË<˜ð¡"—~Õ Çý‡¿ûh'íŠ]£ÿ�Žñ  0 oš ø?®´© Bâצ¨¢ ´>@ÿ�Oûh_ˆÑJe�… ´"ÀãÇþ{j$•râÇ,²=Š*�ð�SÇ÷¶«I¢¯/nÃܘbçàbîÑyšnË>Ö,$ÍщVi35?ðÿ�¢äHð2pK(Á'õÏŸÏÝBÉñ^õª [oGtÞʃ)˜Vyæwøož
yç'CÚµ™Ã'ÙSe÷§'dž"ÇZ¬PªGŸ õý>šœZè †wGê;$/vQ]ÄX¾¨ïQãO`«Ý:GlÝœää`'©ÝÜÒ"ì,lOošŠ6?½¸µÐòc³?‡L€û>ó'fFb™(e Q¢
ö„š{ru­ùøôƐ®ëÔ'ä@\8¸ÊŒÂÇæwîš›Þkà¶Ñ±Âé­›0°vhb…Ú̳/­1ºäaÅü"�9 Y7>©©Þ‡˜;üqgmE6üêa E›òAçšýÐ i&M£/Aõ–>|˜øÿ�€ Œ‡µÁ
Š4j‡‚8ãN&¹nË­³øsº¤Í¾JfCF ¡Ë²ƒBì×6'Þ8¿ä;¸ÿ�²L»4mÆÀÄž¥«-öK-†µ&ÇíÈ¥JÝ—"FRN"ë|v—¶ ‡=Þä*GA Áòlý/N/ÈSø4x¼®ßùù/ŠÚgŠXF¬ŽyçÞ€ùÑÔM×A»foqé±Ø2›my™êßòç‰å÷aVÔø¿×'5x¦ÚEž7AoùøO›Ýƒ!k\wÔpØx?··¸6ëTVìÎKÓýY|»hØså'†'!v¹4Dœ-8º¢yã]Kä³›¢zà · d=�Ex Gï£`¥y‡å»>󦟁c[Gu–÷ åC„Ø ¨9eŠI</�)4|‡6=õzÐoÊlÙºß)ó:yö,œhÊùQ"E*~r¤DßØIE=&lsqauo;Fñ¶MñúWwØò°MÇÑÛq Œ"MèÝ\€)"<žOæÈ#GäËUÑžÇ鮫IáÄü ñ4Òˆ¯à
ÂÅûW¸÷p¦'ƹ<j[fZåÙxÝ1+Næü*ñJ©
ü|Ø`M ?.|\xçÔ]~¢*1M1öƒ/>ll=³qÛqã‰ñÝÔ'^ZÙTU�.îÈ¿Äq䤧/Ðܲ[úz‡dÚ12Ì›¦ü%RDLøù·<&«µXÆ}Éù{_å­vŒRU"rò½š Ó§ºdôÞÙ˜í¿G… aUã†C"'ިʞ`@[åTM&lsqauo;:ëÂ7Ñe'o\™•X¤·Éòvت<\„i»»ß¾3ÀcÛßÇyìäP!�ƒ™s¿¥+•KóßýÞ"Ý·i7|…ê<M·XÚ•f�¼¯é2˜Ó½šBB@W"ˆªÕ‡/þ‰9cIS:<MŸ3ðr"2TM•ü®õ"þüÔ à°SÇ"­˜å}"� Ülqdòt+ iЕg8HeQ+"KdPøÓïÇ:Êò͐w}ÃeÅ]7¹fǏºÔx˜Ìºv°Šæ…Í×7¬äÜh•n‰ûWã›iƒñá Ÿ„Uö‚{|qÊ€x¿''51Ú[ kdéPˆœ2 r{k·&lsqauo;çåÇ?®µe¡ˆ'•U–çòŸzªýô½‰B9¤éÀŹ"ðkþ÷Zr ‰ågÌÄE…K9DfdE±!A<|¶¯%áŠk²ç·uÛ÷´åG6ÝÝ'·À>A'ºª¼ýŽ¢'òÊâÑz{bˆ³¼`ä'í^ú9®ìq`¡ïnÓÈç¸x6ßè ûtæ'ìœ_ÀÛglðä.4»†H~ ­:-<YçôÔ÷!òW |+nš3ٝˆXš×@b~¿ßOr?#„¾›n4ª27 (‰A]Ù8>þty#ò_„0ÙÛ><ñãɹⴳ… é¸'Aº¹mc@· À>Ú{ù
ø,—rØaŠ(Îï€Ä‚@L"sð&lsqauo;> ñGöúOz ÉxKà5Üö,hê]Û�i*¥1�DýGï炙 p—Á_—»lª"&lsqauo;&lsqauo;™,JÌ!ƒ"6•¸<, ý,ü¯ÆžôZÓ%ÝŸâ{,0 dݶ䈪žæÉŒå¼ìtyaWdá+è†7Îœ…¤-¼b5"}²þf4ŸÛYy¢¼—„Ÿ‚,½AÓYû·'FŠž3ñfÁ;HäY
°¾ôG,]IÓyF\œØ`Håc%(b÷(#µ–ž;¨òÔ÷áä¾Ü¼ ·Ut†RÈ&lsqauo;º*Ë‚¦+ßëï«ïG¶N,n~­é XÓ ·Ò° Ú½¶MûÙàùÔy—i66´Ùn®é"cœäLªÏØI ~çÙ®…}tY¯\Xp¯#&lsqauo;Öý|Y$*Ä+æýÁ`G'Ϗ¯_sÿ�òŠù^¸épâ8÷6"µ„œhŽ.î«Šò@ç=ËV—ì7M'¦þ tRåË)¬QBH Q‚ó/õÕQ&ïåóáÎ_E|'ø±·t£jM-̽­ñê#ۏ×S–Oÿ�'QùOâ>$Ó™dXØ!U/'aþ* (xàüü'Õå?‚TYOÕ&lsqauo;Ÿ™&t9;Sãâ9Åü;P"Û– ÁüÊÍã‚ËßQ)öÑ%O¦iÏWõ ¬‰Mã¢Â 1|õ&ˆp-UÏ"ÝýïÉ:Ó–Ñ.,ÌçïMŸ,{ŽÍ‚Žd•½h¯Æé`žõøØä÷+YyW'¸vd"¬V ½±w, mŸ&FdÒ6Fî žåí£à~büU™4©÷¤Ûºo¨Ð*ÉŸµ ÐÈ2qâÉ!.& ßÌ"אæyér}"›}$o¶®Ýö­çq=CÙ6*�'lj`¬´mô±+ÍqÈ5#VÒ£~¹Ézÿ�Ä`?§ðÖ}¼Ó®©6É\©(³–?ÔB²Ûÿ�zÔäÓ;ñä—qÏètËïÔÛû¬ãu$îìL¾×f7]…Hà‚¼qî87^t›í›!en;Þç>&Nl"äúLÒ'â3[ÕǾÑj­}¼vò€VþU§Õ…'v<ûÖê#""\켉û»;fËø'‰â&lsqauo;!à' Y¿$ç…¾Ç&‡FõD'¶tÏ0BÒ«JdËðio"ÿ�q£ÇåKTÊøwÇ1ú ˜ðº€Ï
Š«›îj®Ы W<é,MÝ6ݳsåËÉ"ÖZ6Y�2›=ÆÉíàÕ|B¸+Yx•¢¬*BI™"E;I"‡,Ì«é7ws$„ÿ�˜ö•7|7h‚F¬qEx#ÈþD›si<N&8Õ *ò ¢Íd~8>O'È« =6Åž>>0…¥Í•¢P&
DdqvUî Øýõ=›}dhÜñÚL‡ÈõèÊ®ŠÄv ™GŠ<9«&üòxk¡î3ÒçfX{å€(bDâRyç'Ýù|Ñ·É6*ÇàË"ùŸtÌõ "É/ab¾¢ü»ˆ»jãò™ò¤pE'fžFØàÈÌŸ-Oø–dx¡–D1§q&lsqauo;žî#æÒ†´±Å+âg"^BiàÉ…ÉÊgÉT"3‚;X÷q|s~<ÏQc'z/-X •œìÑÊ£•®XÚÉ`žÏgÖ€C­<^Lòåà³D¹XAˆ܆w
@5iMA¾._ Ž4ö߆^_#ÉŸ0aŽ¨±—,É2» *9 'ÃÓöýžÊíŽL•28šTõ)KZÊTµŠØ1°Aý<€töIÉŽ6L"vËQBÈ¡»I-KÝE,š°hòl* †"n°dy îÃ&lsqauo;ç‚9ì) [WÏYj0Ûd"×'bÁÏxUàÏÞ­$ƒµ†®,™¾ oÁÖ^\IÓwý‰Í%c?áÙž»dŒœq•*€åæV<5X?#çÛçUli4Ð÷7aÇ&lsqauo;)•áv¿!;ËO…é¾gšàx¨óGµä'}[jEì=gÈ&äU`½À‚j…šàrM&lsqauo;{‚õ0µ¡îÁ4'Ÿ;‰@E¹&ýŠ¯é£÷çÑåµqEÙ2.–ŠdžS'mÞ"IÚI²>#^>DÑàoœ)åKÁ>¦N‡ Îá™»ºA|ߎåEW4/ί<¶J—É8t–ÝãÜ.NLŸ‡‡ÓAâÁ7GÜòO"ó¢iùcƒò‡aØ%Èš<§Õ_‡½P•4nþ!ú€u~['6EÍÙö\<"ÆYÐ&BIÜx²EK?z#‚/íÑFõfž'"·mÇeŸ`ʝûì:"…ïJ$~@²,hñĝGh'8ØóÆO$‡¶Pd&lsqauo;ÔRI"½ö*«»°ûX¾t'H©xEö ÅIÒ,=ßñ÷‰&cHŸ�áIv
,×�_>Ükq$"zf‰3Ô`wH˜Úà w]¡û»XxçÜóæõ¢vY«‚ñR ¦à‡îTãè/žOÛBî&lsqauo; Çá,'\ÕhD–•˜–_úÿ�¦ƒ± †2OÈËÇß"¡ñºäh²±²ñ½EøSº–r(‚O|k:Ït ß>xqäÏl¼HÌÄDË)#öŸ…ˆö·Š÷ùÖ¢QOBü6èæÜr$\IKºFdO]Â+ЮÄ‚Çâ 'à¿ u'I+\vy6œü—i×c¬ïé–Omv£ò¨Qò£÷ g¹®Ì¹.ÉÑíO<Ó¶d3Ã,NûÁP[ä…4>.â XùY—Ž‡4ú#..pn^To;ˆ‚D¯ÜAÁª=Ì>nÁæµ^F÷AOûÛAÍõfÛ±ãË@ª¦5ˆPNÁÁ,¤rOæ UãƢΣøô9|ãìï–Ñb¬&lsqauo;$¢žE‚ã"Ü+º¬&lsqauo;âèð.Œ—¨§o¢)~Bcí{¬Á¤",»˜Ö"öŽ¬ÄŠZZ+A˜Ð³@ñó¯ÔB%r¯6׹dž²bL-QHX»ƒ2÷(ÄÀhö‚,ÙÕ^¢©'M]= ¶Æ½±ÅŠ¸³Ib8áÇíe9Èæ‰QçL™ÔU¤YJ‰Ðô÷§(2i{èªãß¿Á^Wâ±gêASTk\ýü"IÆ+û&lsqauo;m?GïӁ'þ4@Ñ´…;l&lsqauo;øJ'â÷ö5×ßIm•v;IîÑÁ·¤£sàqê"QMÀí=ÈE�Çšèu{$›ih–ÉqtŽä±™gÚ· ßtœÃÚÀ�ÄòÖÔ
óÀ£Ë›ÿ�"¿ŸÜ}C ÒÛÔecÆÙ·@¨ä‰=*= |,~<'É ÏE"+]$øt¶àû|dtûÏ"„
$SD/ùò?zÕbsÍÉì‰M;dÓŽdH‰3)ÿ�椀suÜ·î§Øøö£«åm[EV‚+&9 ¼n»fÛÑäzŽø¢ê¯&lsqauo;ð}µ«"5tYÁӍ Ù²K—4þ²÷ÂñãµÉîñ/º–Õaˆ÷å('M²8òaÇ´ìxš ·]ÆI™‡j!t¡mwö ²|ë>Ö<Š™+L˜ÛwMãdÉ'Øé+ää4m'oº£2†#ŽA-ÍÕy8ÅU¢¨'«+ñðöY÷ÁâmjcnÌŒˆr$?¶EвÀX<Ý ¢¢àŸ'Ë7nÃÅŠ)±ñß(¦_Túq0QÇ#Ô6€žl�lšæµ…'7Ò²¬k²Ç ½L…|Y'1ð„ƒÁú®èˆoîAï‰ò…öfJ '‰µa£æ–Æî!SÖ‰½2n€ hY#Ÿ'ôÔÊÜuX¯&o?/'{‡=¼©E*$â)4AnÕák×~Ú˜›«–º"äã)gÂÈÇb,xì¤(üÍd]¢Ð^ºÒø0š}2çð„ ›º¼ïe?ˆbFâ6í$­sÁæ›é«+TI]öXån',‡8Ã"áDr@ÝÔm% àø#õÖî(‰KËŠ^–ÌhðâHòRXÃFmÃ"´Ÿá&lsqauo;½û'A¿{Ô¸½-Uÿ�?B`~‡ÌÊ;vh„I¢<‡ÈÅšAÁP|'Ç D{ûëIÄWZýË6ø}ŠÐàŒ› E:@Ð*
æ™CöÇŸ}]¼–¸"tú»æm{†Ñ.D@z'E"
°æ‡yî,@¿'ç«ei—a÷f†@ñLEž*þºx™Á°7Ýrr?^×AýG(±1´Ò'|&lsqauo;$ԍ�Ûã¥#îЂz:
>iLJ§¶â'f²É2ÄìѼA�cÏ ÖIüÔ®Ó¯Ydž¢èI·¤>$Ã9(&lsqauo;m Âþ°
M±oˆüCÏ(ž(k-ð¹wf[®¶Bôs°³г˜ß"
'äÿ�R°Ø› Ei GµÊ9?ŸcK}èšÍÈÿ�–)aNÑŽ‚AÜØb«ß?Ô<ù$'™'Å6¿¨qµ°?'>èM2©"º2̾©øI Bšãè({Ý'EJ•£)Vèoti&lsqauo;$°zƒ¾R³÷ æû™?ÌB'à]í¬äÈà'aé¤\$ .`Ûý$—T˪¬ .�_¹ÇÄ�wîú*ºlŽ¢³"%!ŒA-¬ñy"Ú«·ÅÊU1�r,ŽÓ@9ÍAÅö¿#1N©&lsqauo;Å«<›n`[c' ŠWR
1=É\€Iª5Ï�ØdnOõ[Úþ~bJ Qcdáàˆœ°Iñ±ÿ�›ÜÆ©{…út,0ö¯Œûœäùuó×ܼdE·̍r¡.À²�m] UØøøx�4µm|¢¨>É+œÑÇ2ç̪Ëê¢#ö�¼p(Ýð¶Iò^Äni:3M'ºcÃ,GÊH
öÝÑ(@î#Ïi«±Rš¦ÃW³Ã=ÌLfȈÎÈIi"Éò
O)Mp<¨#'�ëwö:%.ìsüZæ'2q1æv"Ñ =«Ú!6Tñ|‚5™9¥ßÁw¦\ü¾+AŽ»FÒÑôqÖ([¸wg€9àó¾ºãÉ&Ý•[ìr]ö ÂŽîµWh²Š¤{"*;|êýÇ#Û[„Ü•²¥z-ñó¶8Æ–<`õ*/Ãe)`=Æ%
6@&lsqauo;'Z¹&µAF´ˆRä³'1¡Ì9IEß;'d "eY#GRG‚~‡ZOàµòÆ—}•Û#ü?"LˆAó®éæè­'x45ÍÂ-m~¥¶ºî¡ÞVBÑbÆý‚8±Ê³©Lˆóô7ûh±ExýÃ"dü¬½ê, „s»�L1â:I‚¿•I³ïdyð5(%×óó/&÷_ÏȬLJpšyrI‰\"'É"8¢Ö-²‚À�|#Z(Á|VŸCy¹9±Ç¶´O¨BÅ&6N(¿þ÷ "&lsqauo;Ÿ‰ç[º[)9S(•º,&ŒÍ,'ž>nO"¨' /[ÆíZ3/†4˜‚72`4x±ÈÅŒrÜ;|ÈîŽ:ûE L'â¶Xì]Á"oÃÇšl=¡IBË.N37¨{I±ñHÝ Øù¹uÊ9$V«l€»ÄÓFìûcÆ$yFQDü*Acãä[×TþHû!â®åš^±¶Ú»ÿ�'´|\Ž× Wå½Å袙¦dÊݶøÜn(ó+éâ7¤Uo† ;�AÕòñàuPU³¾?Ÿ¡%º%Æ"tÜ»Wžâc'Í_c¡cÿ�Ü'5\PVÿ�Ÿàӝ9/t­‡¾äwIà^¸,ßO$袨¶ÃÇÙö("Hp÷•&' É΁›¶þq??ÿ�¯}T¨ŽE¼[?H/Äø¡íik6A_SñÙ?sª4¶Z$.:!ÃîÓª—!ã
Xí¡nÉqÍŠì ¨+͉}ÿ�óë¡ xIP?/¨ªï¡hhΞeo²ÆÕúÞ‚›ðzª3{×Ex]c!„óD… >l¢ùׂýèµÛ6ëq>®Þ'ÍAD‰'' $SµkÏÛÛŽLnKÑ.W`êI¢x¿Ãö—å"Ȭ;Xd|<¢�
üù¿M'.\¿Ÿ'•ߐN¦Ó#I6厲œ…™€™ ^àoKsgÏåZí<jj›6Õ­'S`ÛS(çåo9xŽ.O[urIø¼…Ÿ¨o5¨¡ôN,u±:chÜîYß!âˆ3Q%Š"}ÇÉ rEòu8amQx··üýqdtf| èCÔR¢'܉;˜ŸÅ«)` ÐðoõäicƺŽÍ$Þ‰IÒÙÈÒôÎtb‚'jç;¼÷4céñ~ÞÚxñ´Õ*îÉ-Ó›" âlʱ]¹'\A<ÓW<üµÍ8.àŸcÀÏž„EÚV‰WuŒQö=½ Ù<žo϶¬TÉ.Ç
óúfŸ¤1²c'(ñòò•ƒÆ¸ûk‰K{Ñõ–óíu­&–—ì)®—ëÿ�eÄ{¬3S¥§S±ã÷H8?˜#�¾=‰?ßYyé£N4·©M'œøû‡l±â·¨¶qŸub/Žiû‡žO®µ9+ÕñòZm³.Ii¥Ú°0ãšOÄÊ\ý:¾+šãƤ²(èŠ à²–-§+¶<LxƒB®,sIö=èHâüV²ò/+ö"Ìþé›Ó›Fcá™Úò%
…Ç—ÉU#Øò£Ïn2ä­!Å?웉†A´¦FãíØnÓ<"nå6/²`Ã'ók šç\åš*Mã÷ÈÛp±!'oØð$P¬Âl­¾: ¢‚„µæÄ|
ûk>å½?Óü•F?Ë)6×ÞTNÛnBD7|DGÏ·w¥ð×µMó­Î|U¦f<e¦^ædâ"ŽóÇ¿†Z +1?;PÄ{Z¯í¬¬™Á®1‰],øK*áãaoæI"=IqåM©@ W»'U)´Ý¢Tlµ]»q&lsqauo;ÖnœÇÆU *äöúÌÏàzx°uÍÍôßîkŒ{_²mª|į̀Y¿¦`±/Š v�ßY"´'*[|Øç‰eÇyÂÉ'Ëj€òT–
6?0><j$ÕÛ.¼àÎ&lsqauo;6D0fþ75Ü»+-±^(¯bƒÛõñMz1©J?J9É«Û$d>ጐÉñ`•î$dP€íæ˜`Ø#/ëœÑi.~~?È&lsqauo;¾Š,æÍ;N<SãA.k¨EžfIR혫1=§Á®àMvu˜.S±'Qße|­µH§ñS´Q¢ B/Â9äAîj…Yõ6™ÍF¼ŒmÙí´å®b&­a@È…Ð_•6 &lsqauo;¾�ÞF\^&lsqauo;\¼ll©§ƒpÉß²š9)‡bAÙ1#òÙÜ üˆ?_mv_'4ÙoT3ÄZš9;¨¾<N†ê¬žãö¿¦¯e´9ßÉenò�>¦d†¿úŽîÔ L)g+!ÜZ7ÞM·ÿ�^ã|{ßé °xá8ñÁ" ßbÀ¨·ó ?¦ƒ% EA'ã»ýût i>*sü_BÈGì§Bÿ�Aÿ�Å`± —ó4Ä"úPнži¶¾C, _‚ï¡x?ÿÙ
 
Kochi begins to feel the heat

Is it time that a coastal city such as Kochi started waking up to the possible consequences of climate change? K. S. Sudhi explains that a study conducted a few years ago had sounded a warning about how it might impact the city.

– Photo: H. Vibhu

UNDER THREAT: Being a costal city means that large parts of Kochi including places with heritage buildings like this one may have to deal with rising water levels due to climate change.

The global scientific consensus is that climate change is on. From the melting of Arctic ice and glaciers to increasing sea levels, intensity of storms and dry spells, changes in global climate have started influencing the way people are living.

Like the other parts of the world, Kochi has also started thinking in terms of gauging the possible impacts of climate change. The city has every reason to be worried about climate change because of its vulnerability to the consequences of such change.

"Every one is talking about climate change. The unusual heavy rain lashing the city or increased humidity levels are naturally becoming the talk of the town. These are the palpable effects of climate change," said Kesavadas, a scientist at the Kochi regional centre of the National Institute of Oceanography.

The most significant vulnerabilities have to do with Kochi's water systems, especially drainage, waste disposal and water logging, due to a combination of increased variability and intensity of rainfall and sea level rise. The sea level rise will reflect on land use in the coastal region such as the backwater islands that come under Goshree project.

Permanent submersion and repeated flooding in coastal areas and islands, faster erosion of cliffs and beaches and coastal aquifers could occur. Other ground water sources may also get polluted due to the incursion of saline water.

Many areas of Kochi are at a height of just 1 to 2 metres above sea level and are witnessing a construction boom. It is the sea or backwater facing areas that are preferred by a large section of the affluent city dwellers who are willing to pay a premium for owning properties in these areas.   The study also concluded that the climate change could impact human health, fisheries, cultural heritage and lead to migration of people living in areas affected by drought or sea level rise.

The loss of biodiversity of estuaries and backwaters and loss of precious land and displacement of people is one of the possible threats that not only Kochi but the State may have to face in the event of sea level rise and other related changes.

Low-lying areas

Kerala has a coastline of about 560 km and a good part of it is made up of low-lying areas. There are about 200 village panchayats, 19 municipalities and 4 corporations located along the coast facing the sea or backwaters. There are nearly 200 village panchayats, 11 municipalities and 4 corporations located along the coast facing the sea or backwaters and bout 30 per cent of the of population live in the coastal zone, which has a high population density. Any shift in the living and settlement patterns in these areas would have far reaching consequences, Dr. Kesavadas said.

The Hindu - Breaking News